Daily Current Affairs (20-07-19)


Why in News : INS Sagardhwani embarks on two-month-long ‘Sagar Maitri’ mission

News in Detail

  • INS Sagardhawni is a Marine Acoustic Research Ship (MARS) of DRDO’s Naval Physical & Oceanographic Laboratory (NPOL), Kochi.
  • The ship has set sail for a scientific venture called ‘Marine & Allied Inter disciplinary Training and Research Initiative (MAITRI)’.
  • The mission is in consonance with PM’s vision of ‘Safety and Growth of All in the Region (SAGAR)’ to promote closer cooperation in socio-economic aspects and scientific interaction in underwater acoustics, among India Ocean Region (IOR) countries.

Prime Objectives

  • Data collection from the entire North Indian Ocean, focusing on Andaman Sea and adjourning seas.
  • Establishing long term collaboration with eight IOR countries in the field of ‘Ocean Research and Development’.

More About INS Sagardhwani

  • It was built indigeneously by M/S GRSE Ltd, Kolkata and commissioned on 30th July 1994.
  • The ship has carried out intensive oceanographic observational programmes/research.
  • Through its platform INS Sagardhwani, NPOL is continuously striving to enhance the performance of underwater sensors by undertaking research in underwater acoustics and physical oceanographic conditions.
Arani Silk Saree

Why in News : Government is implementing handloom Marketing Assistance (HMA) Scheme, a component of National Handloom Development Programme (NHDP) for providing marketing facility to all Handloom products including Arani Silk.

About Arani Silk Saree

  • It is traditional Saree Made in Thiruvannamalai district, Tamil Nadu.
  • It is known for its softness and durability and ‘thazamboo’ border motif.
  • It  has received Geographical Indication (GI) tag from Government of India.

About HMA Scheme

  • It provides marketing platform to the handloom weavers/organisations to sell their products directly  to the consumers
  • Under the Scheme, financial assistance is provided to National Level Handloom Organisations and nominated handloom agencies of State governments to organise marketing events like National Handloom Expos (NHEs)
National Register of Citizens (NRC)

Why in News: Supreme Court questioned the plea made by the Centre and Assam to indefinitely extend the deadline for the publication of final NRC from July 31.

News in Detail

  • The Centre and Assam had urged the court for more time to cross-check “wrogn inclusions and exclusions” from the draft published on July 30, 2018.
  • They said a 20% sample reverification on the names included in the draft should be conducted in districts bordering Bangladesh and 10% in the other districts.
  • But SC voiced its scepticism and said reverification seemed to have done during disposal of claims.

About NRC

  • The Citizenship Rules, 2003 framed under the Citizenship Act, 1955 prescribe the manner of preparation of the NRC.
  • There is a special provision under the Rules to prepare NRC in Assam which is application based and distinct from the rest of India where the process is enumeration based.
  • Hon’ble Supreme Court of India is monitoring the NRC process in the State of Assam.

Why NRC in Assam

  • The purpose of NRC is to identify Indian citizens from amongst all the residents of Assam thereby leading to identification of illegal migrants in Assam, who entered Indian territories after the midnight of 24th March, 1971.
  • To determine the citizenship of applicants who have applied for inclusion of their names in the updated NRC
  • Assam, which had faced influx of people from Bangladesh since 20th century, is the only state having NRC.

Critical Aspects

  • A humanitarian crisis awaits Assam whether the final NRC is published on July 31 or after.
  • In the run up to the final publication, case after case has emerged of persons wrongfully left out of list.
  • The accent should be on inclusion, not exclusion.
  • The wheels of justice cannot pander to the suspicions of vocal majority without giving the exclused access to due process.
Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill, 2019

Why in News : Lok Sabha passed the Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill, 2019.

News in Detail

  •  The Bill amends Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993.
Protection of HR Act, 1993 Protection of HR Bill, 2019
(a) Composition of National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) (i) Chairperson is a person who has been a Chief Justice of SC

(ii) Two persons having knowledge of Human Rights to be appointed as members of NHRC

(iii) Chairpersons of National Commission (NC) for SC,  NC for ST and  NC for women, are members of NHRC

(i) Chairperson is a person who has been a Chief Justice of SC or a Judge of SC.

(ii) Three persons having knowledge of Human Rights to be appointed as members, of which atLest one will be woman

(iii) It includes chairpersons of NC for Backward Classes, NC for Protection of Child Rights and Chief Commissioner for persons with Disabilities as members of NHRC, in addition.

(b) Chairperson of SHRC (i) Person who has been a Chief Justice of High Court (HC) (i) Person who has been  Chief Justice or Judge of a HC
(c) Term of Office (i) Chair person and members NHRC and SHRC will hold office  for five years or till the age of 70 years, whichever is earlier.

(ii) Act allows for the reappointment of members of NHRC and SHRC for a period of five year

(i) The Bill reduces the term of office to three years or till the age of 70 years whichever  is earliest

(ii) Bill removes the five year limit for reappointment

(d) Powers of Secretary General and Secretary (i) It provides for Secretary General of NHRC and Secretary of SHRC, who exercise powers  as may delegated to them (i) The Bill allows them to exercise all administrative and financial powers (except judicial functions), subject to chairpersons control.
(d) Union territories (UT) (i) The Bill provides that Central government may confer on a SHRC, human right functions being discharged by UTs(ii) Functions relating to human rights in the case of Delhi will be dealt with by NHRC.

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