August 2019

Daily Current Affairs (14-08-19)


Related Topics: J&K Reorganization Act 2019, Delimitation Commission

Why in News

Election Commission of India has started internal discussions on the delimitation of constituencies ahead of elections to the new Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.


Total population would be divided over the 114 seats to get an average number of electors per constituency.

The boundaries of the constituencies would then be drawn while ensuring that administrative units are not split as far as possible.

J&K Reorganization Act 2019

According to the Act, the number of seats in the Legislative Assembly of the UT of J&K would be increased from 107 to 114.

The Act also specifies that delimitation will be based on the 2011 census till 2026.

About Delimitation Commission

The Delimitation Commission of India was established by the Government of India under the provisions of the Delimitation Commission Act.

The main task of the commission is redrawing the boundaries of the various Assembly and Lok Sabha constituencies based on a recent census.

Delimitation Commissions have been constituted 4 times in India – in 1952 under the Delimitation Commission Act, 1952, in 1963 under Delimitation Commission Act, 1962, in 1973 under Delimitation Act, 1972 and in 2002 under Delimitation Act, 2002.

The Commission is a high power body whose orders have the force of law and cannot be called in question before any court.




Related Topics: Art& Culture, GI tag


The famous Palani Panchamirtham, given as ‘prasadam’ at the Murugan temple has been granted the Geographical Indication (GI) tag.

This is the first time a temple ‘prasadam’ from Tamil Nadu has been bestowed with the GI tag.

The Palani Murugan Temple is one of the six prominent Murugan Temples in Tamil Nadu.

What is Panchamirtham?

The prasad derives its name from pancha, meaning five, and amirtham, meaning delicacy.

The Panchamirtham is a combination of five natural substances — banana, jaggery, cow ghee, honey and cardamom. Dates and diamond sugar candies are added for flavour.

It is an ‘abhishega prasadam’ (food that is a religious offering), which is served in a semi-solid state.

It is sweet in taste and one of the main offerings for Lord Dhandayuthapani Swamy, the presiding deity of Arulmigu Dhandayuthapani Swamy Temple, situated on Palani Hills.

Not even a single drop of water is added during the preparation of the Panchamirtham. This gives it its classic semi-solid consistency and taste. No preservatives or artificial ingredients are used.

The whole process of producing the Panchamirtham is automated.


As per the GI application, the geographical area for production of Panchamirtham is Palani town in Dindigul district, Tamil Nadu.


According to the GI application filed, the Palani Panchamirtham is prepared under the guidance given by the CFTRI (Central Food Technological Research Institute) Mysore, a government of India undertaking.




Related Topics: e-Governance, Digital India

Why in News

22nd National Conference on e-Governance adopted ‘Shillong Declaration’.

The declaration has outlined the future trajectory that would be taken in terms of e-governance with a focus on improving connectivity in Northeast.

 22nd National Conference on e-Governance

It was organized by the Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances (DARPG), in association with Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY), Government of India and the State Government of Meghalaya at Shillong.

The theme of the Conference was “Digital India: Success to Excellence”.

The objective of the e-Gov conference is to provide platform to improve the standard of service rendered to common man i.e. to provide end to end Citizen Centric Service Delivery.

10 Point Shillong Declaration

 (i) Improving citizen’s experience with Government services by promoting timely implementation of India Enterprise Architecture (IndEA).

(ii) Implementing single sign-on for interoperability and integration among e-Government applications throughout the country

(iii) Consolidating plethora of successful State level e-Governance projects and domain-based projects with focus to replicate them as common application software.

(iv) Taking steps to further improve connectivity in North Eastern (NE) States of India by addressing issues of telecommunications connectivity at grassroot level and formulating and implementing comprehensive telecom development plan.

(v) Taking steps for enhancing activities of Electronics Sector Skill Council in NE States and explore possibility for opening an electronics skill center in Shillong.

(vi) Promoting use of e-Office and moving towards less paper state secretariats in NE States and in District level offices.

(vii) Improving quality of delivery of e-Services in North East to fulfil vision of improved citizen experience.

(viii) Developing India as global cloud hub and facilitate development of Government applications and databases on Cloud by default.

(ix)Adopting emerging technologies for finding e-Governance solutions

(x) Promoting Digital India Projects with focus on Smart Villages and Smart Cities through Startups and Smart Entrepreneurship.




Related Topics: Transparency, Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT)

Why in News

All communication to be issued by the Income-Tax Department on or after the 1st of October, 2019 will have a Document Identification Number (DIN).

 Need for DIN

With a view to bringing greater transparency in the functioning of the tax-administration and improvement in service delivery, almost all notices and orders of Income Tax Department are being generated electronically on the Income Tax Business Application (ITBA) platform.

However, it has been brought to the notice of the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) that there have been some instances in which the notice, order, summons, letter and any correspondence (hereinafter referred to as “communication”) were found to have been issued manually, without maintaining a proper audit trail of such communication.

DIN intends to prevent such instances and to maintain proper audit trail of all communication.

About Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT)

It is a statutory authority functioning under the Central Board of Revenue Act, 1963.

It is a part of the Department of Revenue in the Ministry of Finance, Government of India.

It provides essential inputs for policy and planning of direct taxes in India and is also responsible for administration of the direct tax laws through Income Tax Department.

It is India’s official Financial Action Task Force unit.




Related Topics: Internal Security, Railway Protection Force (RPF)


Railway Protection Force (RPF) of Indian Railways launched a Special Drive with a Code Name – Operation “Number Plate” to identify and verify all vehicles parked in Railway premises, circulating area, parkings and even in the ‘No Parking’ areas for longer duration.

The purpose of the drive was to identify the vehicles parked on railway premises ‘for days together’ as it posed a serious threat to security and safety of passengers and other stakeholders of railways.

It has been conducted specifically in view of forthcoming celebrations of Independence Day on 15th August 2019.

About RPF

It is a security force entrusted with protecting railway passengers, passenger area and railway property of the Indian Railways.

It is headed by an IPS officer of the rank of Director General.

It functions under the Union Ministry of Railways.




           FACTS OF THE DAY

  • Researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology-Hyderabad (IIT-H) and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, has developed a process by which bone implant materials can be synthesised from eggshells.
  • Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman will be honoured with the Vir Chakra on Independence Day.
  • Union Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry has launched ‘Swachh Nagar’ app will allow users to have waste — solid, wet or construction and demolition (C&D) — collected by their urban local bodies along with a new protocol on wastewater treatment that would become a part of cleanliness rankings of cities.
  • A rare variety of tea named ‘Golden Butterfly’ from Upper Assam’s Dikom Tea Estate has set a new record on as it was auctioned for 75,000 per kg at Guwahati Tea Auction Centre (GTAC).




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