August 2019

Daily Current Affairs (17-08-19)


Related Topics: Science & Technology, Public Health

Why in News

India has got its first National Essential Diagnostics List (NEDL) finalised by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).

With this, India has become the first country to compile such a list that would provide guidance to the government for deciding the kind of diagnostic tests that different healthcare facilities in villages and remote areas require.

About NEDL

It aims to bridge the current regulatory system’s gap that does not cover all the medical devices and in-vitro diagnostic device (IVD).

The current system is equipped to manage only the few notified devices.

The list is meant for facilities from village till the district level.

NEDL builds upon the Free Diagnostics Service Initiative and other diagnostics initiatives of the Health Ministry to provide an expanded basket of tests at different levels of the public health system.

The list also encompasses tests relevant for new programmes such as Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana.

The list has been customised and prepared as per landscape of India’s health care priorities.


Implementation of NEDL would enable improved health care services delivery through evidence-based care, improved patient outcomes and reduction in out-of-pocket expenditure.

It will also enable effective utilisation of public health facilities; effective assessment of disease burden, disease trends, surveillance, and outbreak identification; and address antimicrobial resistance crisis.

Diagnostics in India

In India, diagnostics (medical devices and in vitro diagnostics) follow a regulatory framework based on the drug regulations under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and Drugs and Cosmetics Rules 1945.

Diagnostics are regulated under the regulatory provisions of the Medical Device Rules, 2017.



Related Topics: Art & Culture, Tribal Welfare

Why in News

The Aadi Mahotsav, a nine-day tribal festival and the Centre’s first official function in Ladakh after the government decided to make it a Union Territory, will kick off at the Polo Grounds in Leh from 17 August till 25 August 2019.

About Aadi Mahotsav

It is a joint initiative of Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India & Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED).

The theme of the festival is: “A celebration of the spirit of Tribal Craft, Culture and Commerce”.

The event will see around 160 Tribal artisans from more than 20 states across the country, actively participating and showcasing their masterpieces.

The Mahotsav will comprise of display and sale of items of tribal art and craft, tribal medicine & healers, tribal cuisine and display of tribal folk performance, in which tribal artisans, chefs, folk dancers/musicians from 23 States of the country shall participate and provide glimpse of their rich traditional culture.

The Mahotsav,by showcasing tribal culture, cuisine, art, craft, and herbal medicines will help spread these in other parts of country and provide opportunities to tribals for economic growth and prosperity.

At Aadi Mahotsav, an effort will be made to take tribal commerce to next level of digital and electronic transactions.

Why the name ‘Aadi’?

‘Adi’ factor is important for tribals.

The Adivasi way of life is guided by primal truths, eternal values and a natural simplicity.

This quality gives their arts and crafts a timeless appeal.

Additional Info

The tribes constitute over 8% of the country’s population.

Jabro Dance is a nomadic dance and song of people inhabiting eastern Ladakh.

Spawo dance is a heroic song and dance associated with a legendary hero of Himalayan region called K’sar.



Related Topics: Art& Culture, GI tag

Why in News

The government has allotted Geographical Indication (GI) tags to three new products from the states of Mizoram and Kerala.

News in Detail

The Department of Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) has granted GIs for Tawlhlohpuan fabric and Mizo Puanchei shawl from Mizoram and Tirur Betel leaf from Kerala.

Tawlhlohpuan (Mizoram)

Tawlhlohpuan, a medium to heavy, compactly woven, good quality fabric from Mizoram is known for warp yarns, warping, weaving and intricate designs that are made by hand.

Tawlhloh, in Mizo language, means ‘to stand firm or not to move backward’.

It holds high significance in the Mizo society and is produced throughout the state of Mizoram.

Mizo Puanchei (Mizoram)

It is a Mizo shawl/textile which is considered as the most colourful among the Mizo textiles.

It is an essential possession for every Mizo lady and an important marriage outfit in the state.

It is also the most commonly used costume in Mizo festive dances and official ceremonies.

The weavers insert the designs and motifs by using supplementary yarns while weaving to create this beautiful and alluring textile.

Tirur Betel leaf (Kerala)

Tirur betel vine from Kerala is mainly cultivated in Tirur, Tanur, Tirurangadi, Kuttippuram, Malappuram and Vengara block panchayaths of Malappuram district.

It is valued both for its mild stimulant action and medicinal properties.

Even though it is commonly used for making pan masala for chewing, it has many medicinal, industrial and cultural usages.

It is considered as a remedy for bad breath and digestive disorders.



Related Topics: Nuclear Doctrine, Second Strike Capability


Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said that the future of India’s No First Use (NFU) policy on nuclear weapons will depend on the “circumstances”.

About NFU Doctrine

A commitment to not be the first to use a nuclear weapon in a conflict has long been India’s stated policy.

Pakistan, by contrast, has openly threatened India with the use of nuclear weapons on multiple occasions beginning from the time the two nations were not even acknowledged nuclear powers.

On January 4, 2003, when Vajpayee was India’s Prime Minister, the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) met to review the progress in operationalizing the country’s nuclear doctrine.

Among the major points in the doctrine was “a posture of No First Use”, which states that “Nuclear weapons will only be used in retaliation against a nuclear attack on Indian territory or on Indian forces anywhere”.

The concept of maintaining a minimum credible deterrence and a nuclear triad for delivery of nuclear weapons based on aircraft, missiles and nuclear submarines flow from that doctrine.

However, the doctrine also made it clear that India’s “nuclear retaliation to a first strike will be massive and designed to inflict unacceptable damage”.

Why India should not review NFU doctrine?

China adopts a no-first use policy and if India gave up its no-first use doctrine, it could give Beijing a chance to adopt a first strike policy and shift blame on India.

A first strike policy will severely damage India’s reputation as a responsible nuclear weapon state.

India has also made it evident that nuclear weapons are indeed the weapons of last resort by adopting a no-first use doctrine.

Abandoning this doctrine would make it evident that India considers the option of using nuclear weapons in the initial phases of the conflict.

Second Strike Capability

In nuclear strategy, a second-strike capability is a country’s assured ability to respond to a nuclear attack with powerful nuclear retaliation against the attacker.

To have such an ability is considered vital in nuclear deterrence, as otherwise the other side might attempt to try to win a nuclear war in one massive first strike against its opponent’s own nuclear forces.

Nuclear Triad

It is a three-sided military-force structure consisting of land-launched nuclear missiles, nuclear-missile-armed submarines, and strategic aircraft with nuclear bombs and missiles.

It essentially has three major components-the strategic bombers, Inter Continental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs) and Submarine Launched Ballistic Missiles (SLBMs) for the purpose of delivering a nuclear weapon.

India is the sixth country in the world (after US, Russia, France, China and UK) to possess Nuclear Triad.


               FACTS OF THE DAY

  • Ravi Shastri has been re-appointed head coach of Indian men’s cricket team till 2021 by Kapil Dev-led Cricket Advisory Committee (CAC).


  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved Pretomanid Tablets in combination with bedaquiline and linezolid for treating drug-resistant strain of Tuberculosis (TB).


  • According to latest Reserve Bank of India (RBI) data, India’s forex reserves has reached the highest ever valuation of $430.57 bn.


  • The Vice President of India, Venkaiah Naidu applauded Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) for restoring ‘Shyamoli’. It is the heritage house of late Rabindranath Tagore and is an experimental mud-house built at Santiniketan in 1935.


  • Navroz, Parsi New Year is being celebrated on 17th August, marking the beginning of the new Iranian calendar.


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