Related Topics: Educational Reforms, Government Policies and Interventions
Why in News
Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) launched the world’s biggest project for teacher training of its kind called National Initiative for School Heads’ and Teachers’ Holistic Advancements (NISHTHA).
Need for Training
- Teachers hold a pivotal position in society and help build character in students.
- Teachers in the present day are expected to be aware of the provisions regarding Gender, The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act and the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act.
- The teachers are the powerhouse of the nation and they must be of the highest quality.
The integrated training will motivate and equip teachers to encourage and foster critical thinking in students, handle diverse situations and act as first-level counsellors.
Who will be part of NISHTA?
- This integrated programme aims to build the capacities of around 42 lakh participants covering all teachers and Heads of the school at the elementary level in all government school, faculty members of states councils of Educational Research and Training and other educational departments.
- The 33120 Key Resource Persons (KRPs) and State Resource Persons (SRP) identified by State and UTs will be conducting training directly.
- These KRPs will in turn be trained by 120 National Resource Persons identified from NCERT, CBSE, National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration (NIEPA), KVS, NVS, and NGOs.
Standardized training modules are developed at national level for all States and UTs. However, States and UTs can contextualize the training modules and use their own material and resource persons also, keeping in view the core topics and expected outcomes of NISHTHA.
First Level Counsellors
The programme seeks to train all heads and teachers as first level counsellors to be alert and responsive to the needs of the students, in addition to promoting joyful learning and taking special care of the requirements of special children.
- The programme has been integrated with technology to ensure smooth facilitation, availability of digital content and technology enabled teaching methods to support the teachers.
- A Mobile App and Learning Management System (LMS) based on MOODLE (Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment) have been developed by NCERT.
Post Training Interventions
- In order to ensure sustainable impact on classroom transactions, the programme is embedded with post training interventions including provision of mentoring.
- After the completion of KRP training, National Resource Persons will regularly be in touch with KRPs through WhatsApp/Facebook groups etc and will form Quality Circles that will work to share ideas, challenges and their solutions and best practices.
- This will help in building pedagogical skills and connecting with peers, thereby leading to improvement in learning outcomes of the students.
[Sources: PIB, All India Radio]