Related Topics: Indices & Reports, NITI Aayog, Competitive Federalism
Why in News
Composite water management index (CWMI) 2.0 was released by NITI Aayog.
To involve all key stakeholders to understand how states can better manage water resources.
- NITI Aayog first launched and conceptualized the Composite Water Management Index in 2018 as a tool to instill the sense of cooperative and competitive federalism among the states.
- This was a first ever attempt at creating a pan-India set of metrics that measured different dimensions of water management and use across the lifecycle of water.
- It is an important tool to assess and improve the performance of States/ Union Territories in efficient management of water resources.
- This has been done through a first of its kind water data collection exercise in partnership with Ministry of Jal Shakti, Ministry of Rural Development and all the States/ Union Territories.
- The index would provide useful information for the States and also for the concerned Central Ministries/Departments enabling them to formulate and implement suitable strategies for better management of water resources.
- It ranks various states for the reference year 2017-18 as against the base year 2016-17.
- In CWMI 2.0, Gujarat hold on to its rank one in the reference year (2017-18), followed by Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
- In North Eastern and Himalayan States, Himachal Pradesh has been adjudged number 1 in 2017-18 followed by Uttarakhand, Tripura and Assam.
- The Union Territories have first time submitted their data and Puducherry has been declared as the top ranker.
- In terms of incremental change in index (over 2016-17 level), Haryana holds number one position in general States and Uttarakhand ranks at first position amongst North Eastern and Himalayan States.
- On an average, 80% of the states assessed on the Index over the last three years have improved their water management scores, with an average improvement of +5.2 points.
Need for the Index
- Scientific management of water is increasingly recognized as being vital to India’s growth and ecosystem sustainability.
- India is suffering from the worst water crisis in its history and millions of lives and livelihoods are under threat.
- Currently, 600 million Indians face high to extreme water stress and about two lakh people die every year due to inadequate access to safe water.
- It is estimated the crisis is going to get worse by 2030 when India’s water demand is projected to be twice the available supply.
[Sources: PIB, The Economic Times]