Related Topics: Indices and Reports, International Relations


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Henley Passport Index 2019 has been published recently.


What is the Henley Passport Index?

  • It is prepared by Henley and Partners, a London-based global citizenship and residence advisory firm.
  • It is the ranking of the world’s passports according to the number of destinations their holders can access without a prior visa.
  • Passport rankings point towards the strength of diplomatic relations between countries.
  • It covers 227 destinations and 199 passports.


Methodology Involved

  • The index gathers data from the International Air Transport Association (IATA) that manages inter-airline cooperation globally.
  • The Henley Passport Index is updated in real time according to countries’ visa policy changes.
  • Each passport is attributed with a score and a rank.
  • The score is the sum of the number of countries accessible by that passport holder without requiring pre-departure government approval for visa-types including a visitor’s permit, visa on arrival or an electronic travel authority (ETA).


Global Rankings

  • Japan and Singapore are ranked 1 and have a score of 189 in the 2019 index.
  • Afghanistan holds the weakest passport, with a score and ranking of 25 and 109, respectively.


Position of India

  • The 2019 Index ranks India at 86, down five places from 81 in 2018.
  • Just eight nations were added to its visa-free access list from 2010 to 2019 — lowest among BRICS nations.
  • India has a score of 58, which is the number of destinations an Indian passport holder can travel today, without pre-departure government approval.
  • India ranks below other BRICS countries, with which are at a similar stage in their economic development.


Other Passport Indices

  • Arton Passport Index ranks United Arab Emirates’s passport at rank 1 as per its most recent rankings.
  • As per this index, India has a mobility score (MS) of 67, with visa required for 131 destinations, visa on arrival required for 41 destinations and 26 destinations where Indian passport holders can travel visa free.
  • It is powered by Arton Capital, a global financial advisory.


[Source: Indian Express, The Hindu]

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