Related Topics: Science &Technology, Biometric Identification
- India has become the first country in the world to issue Biometric Seafarer Identity Document (BSID), capturing the facial bio-metric data of seafarers.
- The issuance of SID involves the collection of biometric and demographic details of the seafarers, their verification and then issuance of the card to them.
New Facial Biometric Technology
- The new facial biometric technology is a marked improvement over the two fingers or iris based bio-metric data, with modern security features.
- It will make the identification of the SID holder more reliable and efficient, while protecting their dignity and privacy.
- It will have a biometric chip embedded in it.
- At the time of data capturing, the live face is cross matched through passport photo using face matching software.
- The card has two optical security features- Micro prints/micro texts and Unique Guilloche pattern.
- A software has been developed for capturing the facial biometrics and its authentication through the public key infrastructure.
- A record of each SID issued will be maintained in a national database and its related information will be internationally accessible.
- In India, the BSID project has been taken up in collaboration with Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC), Mumbai.
Nine data collection centers have been setup at Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Noida, Goa, New Mangalore, Kochi, Vizag & Kandla for issue of BSID.
Who is eligible?
- Every Indian seafarer who possesses a valid Continuous Discharge Certificate issued by the Govt. of India will be eligible for issue of a BSID.
- All the existing seafarers will be given BSID within the next 2 years.
- The new card is in confirmation of the Convention No. 185 of the International Labour Organisation on BSID which was ratified by India in October 2015.
- The Government notified the Merchant Shipping (Seafarers Bio-metric Identification Document) Rules in 2016.
- Shipping sector is seeing major developments in the areas of coastal shipping, inland waterways and other maritime activities.
- This is leading to generation of employment in the sector, which is evident in the growing number of Indian seafarers in the international shipping industry.
- The total number of Indian seafarers who were employed on Indian or foreign flag vessels increased from 154349 in 2017 to 208799 this year, showing an unprecedented increase of 35%.
- The new document will give a foolproof identification to Indian seafarers which will facilitate their movement, provide ease of getting jobs and help in identifying them from any location in the world.
- It will also ensure a security system to ward off the potential risk of breach of security and possible terrorist attacks.
“Biometric Identity Card and Right to Privacy – can they co-exist? Discuss.”[Source: PIB]