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Why in News
NGO World Vision India and research institute IFMR LEAD has released ‘The India child well-being index’.
About the Index
- The primary objective of the index is to garner attention to the under-researched theme of child well-being in India, and inspire further academic and policy conversations on related issues.
- The index captures the performance of each state and union territory on a composite child well-being score.
- The report highlights the multi-dimensional approach towards measuring child well-being — going beyond mere income poverty.
- This report provides insights on health, nutrition, education, sanitation and child protection.
- The dimensions of the index include healthy individual development, positive relationships and protective contexts.
- Focusing on the three key dimensions, 24 indicators were selected to develop the computation of the child well-being index.
- Among states, Kerala (0.76), Tamil Nadu (0.67) and Himachal Pradesh (0.67) bagged the top three spots in the index.
- Meghalaya (0.53), Jharkhand (0.50) and Madhya Pradesh (0.44) featured at the bottom.
- Among the Union territories, Puducherry led the way with a score of 0.77 and Dadra and Nagar Haveli featured at the other end with a score of 0.52.
- Kerala bagged the top spot due to its exceptional performance in health, nutrition and education
- Poor nutrition and low child survival rate has pushed Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh to the bottom of the index.
- The index is a crucial report that can be mined both by the Government and civil organisations to achieve the goal of child well-being.
- The report calls for States to look at their respective scores on the dimensions of child well-being, and to prepare for priority areas of intervention with specific plans of action.
- It also hopes to trigger policy level changes, seek better budgetary allocations and initiate discussions with all stakeholders, which can help in enhancing the quality of life of all children in the country.