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CRANIOPAGUS TWINS

Written by Talent KAS

Related Topics: Rare Diseases, Science & Technology

News

India’s only successfully separated craniopagus twins from Odisha — Jagga and Balia — were discharged from the All India Institute of Medical Science (AIIMS), two years after they were admitted, operated and started on rehabilitation at the hospital.

Craniopagus Conjoined Twin Separation Surgery

  • This was the first successful craniopagus conjoined twin separation surgery from India wherein both the children had survived.
  • Worldwide only 10-15 children have survived after surgical separation of this condition in the last 50 years.
  • All modern adjuncts of technology for surgical planning, 3D print model technology for brain and skull model development, venous bypass, staged surgeries and continuous post-operative care was provided by the craniopagus team of over 75 doctors and 50 nursing/support team staff at AIIMS.

About Craniopagus Twins

  • They are conjoined twins that are fused at the cranium.
  • It is a rare congenital defect that occurs in 0.6 of every 1 million births.
  • Conjoined twins who are classified as craniopagus have either partial fusion, which consists of a connection between the skin, skull, or dura, or total fusion, in which the connection extends deep to the dura to involve the vasculature or brain parenchyma.
  • The presence of a shared superior sagittal sinus is the most critical aspect of the fusion because it will affect surgical planning and the chance of achieving a successful separation.
[Source: The Hindu, nejm.org]

 

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