September 2019

Daily Current Affairs (12-09-19)


Related Topics: Government Policies & Interventions, Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE)


A three-day long International conference ANGAN for Energy Efficiency in Building Sector was organized by Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) in New Delhi.


The Conference was organised by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), Ministry of Power, Government of India in collaboration with GIZ under the Indo German Technical Cooperation.


The participants from Central and State local authorities as well as Technology providers and Experts, practicing Architects and University Students was invited.


  • The Experts will be discussing various alternative options and technologies in the field of design and construction of energy efficient Commercial as well as Residential Buildings and will suggest the effective ways in implementing the same through policies and programmes.
  • Apart from energy savings, the emphasis is also given to other resources like water and other materials that can be saved in Building sector.


  • It is estimated that an investment of 2000 billion in Building energy efficiency activities would lead to a cumulative savings of 388 Billion units of electricity for the next ten years with payback of about 2 years.
  • The International Conference will provide a platform to deliberate on interdependence between organizations, systemic sustainability and feedback loops for better resource efficiency.
  • Given the formidable challenge of providing adequate energy of desired quality to the consumers at reasonable costs, improving the efficiency in high energy consumption sectors like buildings have become important component of our integrated energy policy.
  • Due to lack of awareness and knowledge about latest technologies, financial assistance, suppliers and purchase of energy efficient equipment, etc. efforts on energy efficiency and conservation in this sector have been moderate and therefore require greater push.
  • This event aims to provide thrust in this direction so as to address such challenges faced by the stakeholders.

[Source: PIB]



Related Topics: Science & Technology, Exoplanet


  • Astronomers have for the first time discovered water in the atmosphere of an exoplanet with Earth-like temperatures that could support life as we know it.
  • The team used archive data from 2016 and 2017 captured by the ESA/NASA Hubble Space Telescope and developed open-source algorithms to analyse the starlight filtered through K2-18b’s atmosphere.

Exoplanet K2-18b

  • According to the study published in the journal Nature Astronomy, K2-18b, which is eight times the mass of Earth, is now the only planet orbiting a star outside the Solar System, or ‘exoplanet’, known to have both water and temperatures that could be potentially habitable.
  • The planet orbits the cool dwarf star K2-18, which is about 110 light years from Earth in the Leo constellation.
  • The discovery is the first successful atmospheric detection for an exoplanet orbiting in its star’s ‘habitable zone’, at a distance where water can exist in liquid form.
  • “K2-18b is not ‘Earth 2.0’ as it is significantly heavier and has a different atmospheric composition.

Importance of the Discovery

  • The results revealed the molecular signature of water vapour, also indicating the presence of hydrogen and helium in the planet’s atmosphere.
  • The astronomers believe that other molecules including nitrogen and methane may be present but, with current observations, they remain undetectable.
  • Further studies will help in estimating cloud coverage and the percentage of atmospheric water present.

[Source: The Hindu, NASA]



Related Topics: Agriculture,


Minister of State for Agriculture Parshottam Rupala has launched a multilingual Mobile App  “CHC Farm Machinery” during a conference on Crop Residue Management in New Delhi.

About the App

  • The App connects the farmers with Custom Hiring Service Centers in their area.
  • It will allow farmers to avail custom hiring services of CHCs located in a radius of 50 km.
  • Farmers can now get affordable access to cutting-edge technology at their doorsteps.
  • It can be downloaded on any android phone from Google Play Store.

What are Custom Hiring Centers (CHCs)?

  • Custom hiring centres (CHCs) for farm implements were established in 100 National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) villages.
  • It aims to empower farmers to tide over the shortage of labour and improve efficiency of agricultural operations.
  • A committee of farmers’ nominated by the gram sabha manages the custom hiring centre.
  • There are 27 different types of farm machinery stocked in 100 CHCs, the most popular are rotavator, zero till drill, drum seeder, multi-crop planter, power weeder and chaff cutter.
[Source: All India Radio, Vikaspedia]




Centre has set up a three-member panel to oversee the bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories. The committee will look into the distribution of assets and liabilities of Jammu and Kashmir between two successor Union territories, which will come into existence on 31st of October, 2019. The committee headed by Former Defence Secretary Sanjay Mitra will have Retired IAS officer Arun Goyal and Retired Indian Civil Accounts Service officer Giriraj Prasad Gupta as members. The Centre had announced the abrogation of the special status given to  J&K under Article 370 and bifurcation of the state into the two UTs on 5th August, 2019.


As per government data released on September 12, Retail inflation inched up to a 10-month high of 3.21% in August, 2019. Inflation mainly originated from meat and fish, vegetables, pulses and products, health, education, and personal care and effects. Inflation based on the Consumer Price Index (CPI) stood at 3.15% in July and 3.69% in August 2018. The previous high was 3.38% in October 2018. The August data released by the National Statistics Office in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation also provided details of inflation in segments like ‘health’, ‘recreation and amusement’ and ‘personal care and effects’. However, retail inflation is within the Reserve Bank India’s target range of 4%, with deviation of 2% on either side. The central bank, which has already reduced the key policy rate four times in the current calendar year, is scheduled to announce its next bi-monthly monetary policy on October 4, 2019.


The Dr. K.L. Rao Pulichintala Project has crossed the important milestone of holding 45.77 tmcft, the gross storage capacity of the dam as per design. The project is a balancing reservoir constructed across Krishna River near Pulichintala village of Bellamkonda mandal of Guntur district for stabilising the existing ayacut of 13.08 lakh acres of Krishna Delta and for early transplantation of paddy crop in June in Guntur, Krishna, West Godavari and Prakasam districts. The Pulichintala Project was first conceived by British Engineer Col. Ellis in 1911. The project was inaugurated by former Chief Minister N. Kiran Kumar Reddy on December 7, 2013.

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