September 2019

Daily Current Affairs (13-09-19)

NATIONAL ANIMAL DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAMME

Related Topics: Government Schemes & Initiatives, Science & Technology

News

  • PM Narendra Modi has launched the National Animal Disease Control Programme (NACDP) to control and eradicate the Foot & Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis amongst the livestock in the country.

National Animal Disease Control Programme (NACDP)

  • It is a 100% centrally funded programme, with a total outlay of 12, 652 crore from 2019 to 2024.
  • The programme aims to control the livestock diseases by 2025 and eradicate these by 2030.
  • It aims at vaccinating over 500 million livestock including cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats and pigs against the FMD.
  • It also aims at vaccinating 36 million female bovine calves annually in its fight against the brucellosis disease.

Need for the Scheme

  • If a cow or buffalo gets infected with FMD, the milk loss is up to 100 per cent which could last for four to six months.
  • In case of Brucellosis, the milk output reduces by 30 per cent during the entire life cycle of animal and also causes infertility among animals.
  • The infection of brucellosis can also be transmitted to the farm workers and livestock owners.
  • Both the diseases have a direct negative impact on the trade of milk and other livestock products.

Foot-and-Mouth Disease

  • It is a severe, highly contagious viral disease.
  • The FMD virus causes illness in cows, pigs, sheep, goats, deer, and other animals with divided hooves.
  • Animals with FMD typically have a fever and blisters on the tongue and lips, in and around the mouth, on the mammary glands, and around the hooves.

Brucellosis

  • Brucellosis is a zoonotic infection caused by the bacterial genus Brucella.
  • It is a contagious, costly disease of ruminant (E.g. cattle, bison and cervids) animals that also affects humans.
  • Although brucellosis can attack other animals, its main threat is to cattle, bison, cervids (E.g. elk and deer), and swine.
  • The bacteria are transmitted from animals to humans by ingestion through infected food products, direct contact with an infected animal, or inhalation of aerosols.
  • In humans, it’s known as undulant fever because of the severe intermittent fever accompanying human infection or Malta fever because it was first recognized as a human disease on the island of Malta.
[Source: Livemint, aphis.usda.gov]

 

JAN SOOCHNA PORTAL (JSP)

Related Topics: Governance and Transparency, Right to Information Act

News

  • In a pioneering step, the first-ever public information portal, Jan Soochna Portal was launched in Rajasthan, promising to provide information about government authorities and departments suo motu to the public in the true spirit of the Right To Information Act.
  • The portal has brought yet another distinction to Rajasthan, where the RTI movement had started in 1990s.

About Jan Soochna Portal

  • The portal has been arrived at through a regular and rigorous consultative process between government officials, IT professionals and civil society.
  • The portal has been launched under Rajasthan Innovation Vision (RAJIV) campaign.
  • The State government will set up information kiosks in village panchayats and self-service e-mitra centres in the towns to enable the people to access the information useful for them.
  • Initially, the information pertaining to 13 government departments — such as the number of beneficiaries of schemes, works undertaken in different areas, land records and social security pensions — will be available on the portal.

RTI Act

Jan Soochna Portal-2019 would ensure compliance with Section 4(2) of the RTI Act mandating the public authorities to disclose information in the public domain, so that the people need not file applications under the law to obtain information.

Significance

  • The portal would eventually turn out to be an effective medium for “digital dialogue” with the people as well as a strong instrument for ensuring transparency in governance.
  • With different sections divided into districts, blocks and panchayats, the portal empowers the common people with access to useful information.
  • The move will bring transparency and accountability, and empower the right of the people to seek information.
  • Transparency must be accompanied by accountability, and that is where the JSP has great value and significance since it places the power of making the State government accountable to everyone who accesses the information made available on the portal.

[Source: The Hindu]

 

INDEX OF INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION

Related Topics: Manufacturing Sector, Indian Economy

News

  • As per data released by the Statistics Ministry, the index of industrial production (IIP) grew 4.3% in July 2019 from a downward-revised 1.2% in June 2019.
  • Industrial activity rebounded to 4.3% on a broad-based recovery across key sectors such as mining, manufacturing and construction.

Performance across different sectors

  • Within the index, the mining sector accelerated to 4.92% in July compared with 1.53% in June 2019.
  • The manufacturing sector, similarly, saw growth quicken to 4.15% from 0.23% over the same period.
  • Construction and infrastructure sector saw a turnaround in July, growing 2.13% after contracting 1.9% in June 2019.
  • On the consumer side, the consumer durables sector reined in its contraction, contracting 2.7% in July compared with a steep contraction of 10.2% in June 2019.
  • Consumer non-durables saw growth accelerating to 8.29% from 7.08%.
  • The electricity sector, however, saw growth slowing in July to 4.75% from 8.19% in June 2019.

What is IIP?

  • IIP is a composite indicator measuring changes in the volume of production of a basket of industrial products over a period of time, with respect to a chosen base period.
  • It is compiled and published on a monthly basis by the CSO with a time lag of six weeks from the reference month.
  • The eight Core Industries comprise nearly 40.7 % of the weight of items included in IIP.
  • They are Coal, Crude oil, Natural gas, Refinery products, Fertilisers, Steel, Cement and Electricity.
  • Base year for IIP is 2011-2012.

Significance of the Index

  • IIP is the only measure on the physical volume of production.
  • The all-India IIP provides a single representative figure to measure the general level of industrial activity in the economy.
  • It is used by government agencies including the Ministry of Finance, the Reserve Bank of India etc, for policy purposes.
  • It forms a crucial input for compilation of Gross Value Added (GVA) of the manufacturing sector in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on a quarterly basis.
[Source: The Hindu]

 

FACTS OF THE DAY

P.K. ROSY FILM SOCIETY

Women in Cinema Collective (WCC) is set to launch a film society in the name of the first woman actor of Malayalam cinema P.K. Rosy. She belonged to the Dalit community and was persecuted and forced to leave the region just because she acted in the silent film Vigathakumaran, the first Malayalam feature film, produced in 1928. The Film Society is an endeavour to establish a viewing space for cinema, which has often been an all-male space. Headed and run by an all ciswomen/transwomen panel, the society aim at showcasing, discussing, and celebrating women filmmakers, women film professionals, and feminist cinema aesthetics.

INSURANCE MAJOR CHUBB TO LAUNCH BUSINESS SERVICES CENTRE IN INDIA

Global property and casualty insurance company, Chubb announced that it would set up a business services centre in India to support its global insurance operations’ information technology, digital and analytics functions. The centre will commence operations in Hyderabad and Bengaluru as a single legal entity. The initiative is apparently to convert technology, analytical and other quantitative positions currently outsourced to third-party vendors in India to full-time Chubb employee positions. These facilities supplement Chubb Digital Centres of Excellence for Business and Innovation already operating in locations such as Jersey City, N.J., Miami, Fla., and Singapore.

ODD-EVEN VEHICLE SCHEME

Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal has announced that the odd-even vehicle rationing scheme will return to the capital for the third time in November, 2019. The scheme would be enforced from November 4 to 15 and was part of a seven-point action plan mainly aimed at combating the detrimental effect of stubble burning in the neighbouring States. Studies conducted on the effect of the scheme showed that when it is enforced, air pollution in Delhi is reduced by 10 to 13%. As per the Government, the experts supported the efficacy of the odd-even scheme as well as the use of pollution masks as effective short-term pollution mitigation measures.

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