Related Topics: Manufacturing Sector, Indian Economy
- As per data released by the Statistics Ministry, the index of industrial production (IIP) grew 4.3% in July 2019 from a downward-revised 1.2% in June 2019.
- Industrial activity rebounded to 4.3% on a broad-based recovery across key sectors such as mining, manufacturing and construction.
Performance across different sectors
- Within the index, the mining sector accelerated to 4.92% in July compared with 1.53% in June 2019.
- The manufacturing sector, similarly, saw growth quicken to 4.15% from 0.23% over the same period.
- Construction and infrastructure sector saw a turnaround in July, growing 2.13% after contracting 1.9% in June 2019.
- On the consumer side, the consumer durables sector reined in its contraction, contracting 2.7% in July compared with a steep contraction of 10.2% in June 2019.
- Consumer non-durables saw growth accelerating to 8.29% from 7.08%.
- The electricity sector, however, saw growth slowing in July to 4.75% from 8.19% in June 2019.
What is IIP?
- IIP is a composite indicator measuring changes in the volume of production of a basket of industrial products over a period of time, with respect to a chosen base period.
- It is compiled and published on a monthly basis by the CSO with a time lag of six weeks from the reference month.
- The eight Core Industries comprise nearly 40.7 % of the weight of items included in IIP.
- They are Coal, Crude oil, Natural gas, Refinery products, Fertilisers, Steel, Cement and Electricity.
- Base year for IIP is 2011-2012.
Significance of the Index
- IIP is the only measure on the physical volume of production.
- The all-India IIP provides a single representative figure to measure the general level of industrial activity in the economy.
- It is used by government agencies including the Ministry of Finance, the Reserve Bank of India etc, for policy purposes.
- It forms a crucial input for compilation of Gross Value Added (GVA) of the manufacturing sector in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on a quarterly basis.