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NATIONAL ANIMAL DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAMME

Written by Talent KAS

Related Topics: Government Schemes & Initiatives, Science & Technology

News

  • PM Narendra Modi has launched the National Animal Disease Control Programme (NACDP) to control and eradicate the Foot & Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis amongst the livestock in the country.

National Animal Disease Control Programme (NACDP)

  • It is a 100% centrally funded programme, with a total outlay of 12, 652 crore from 2019 to 2024.
  • The programme aims to control the livestock diseases by 2025 and eradicate these by 2030.
  • It aims at vaccinating over 500 million livestock including cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats and pigs against the FMD.
  • It also aims at vaccinating 36 million female bovine calves annually in its fight against the brucellosis disease.

Need for the Scheme

  • If a cow or buffalo gets infected with FMD, the milk loss is up to 100 per cent which could last for four to six months.
  • In case of Brucellosis, the milk output reduces by 30 per cent during the entire life cycle of animal and also causes infertility among animals.
  • The infection of brucellosis can also be transmitted to the farm workers and livestock owners.
  • Both the diseases have a direct negative impact on the trade of milk and other livestock products.

Foot-and-Mouth Disease

  • It is a severe, highly contagious viral disease.
  • The FMD virus causes illness in cows, pigs, sheep, goats, deer, and other animals with divided hooves.
  • Animals with FMD typically have a fever and blisters on the tongue and lips, in and around the mouth, on the mammary glands, and around the hooves.

Brucellosis

  • Brucellosis is a zoonotic infection caused by the bacterial genus Brucella.
  • It is a contagious, costly disease of ruminant (E.g. cattle, bison and cervids) animals that also affects humans.
  • Although brucellosis can attack other animals, its main threat is to cattle, bison, cervids (E.g. elk and deer), and swine.
  • The bacteria are transmitted from animals to humans by ingestion through infected food products, direct contact with an infected animal, or inhalation of aerosols.
  • In humans, it’s known as undulant fever because of the severe intermittent fever accompanying human infection or Malta fever because it was first recognized as a human disease on the island of Malta.
[Source: Livemint, aphis.usda.gov]

 

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