Related Topics: Government Schemes & Initiatives, Science & Technology
- PM Narendra Modi has launched the National Animal Disease Control Programme (NACDP) to control and eradicate the Foot & Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis amongst the livestock in the country.
National Animal Disease Control Programme (NACDP)
- It is a 100% centrally funded programme, with a total outlay of 12, 652 crore from 2019 to 2024.
- The programme aims to control the livestock diseases by 2025 and eradicate these by 2030.
- It aims at vaccinating over 500 million livestock including cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats and pigs against the FMD.
- It also aims at vaccinating 36 million female bovine calves annually in its fight against the brucellosis disease.
Need for the Scheme
- If a cow or buffalo gets infected with FMD, the milk loss is up to 100 per cent which could last for four to six months.
- In case of Brucellosis, the milk output reduces by 30 per cent during the entire life cycle of animal and also causes infertility among animals.
- The infection of brucellosis can also be transmitted to the farm workers and livestock owners.
- Both the diseases have a direct negative impact on the trade of milk and other livestock products.
- It is a severe, highly contagious viral disease.
- The FMD virus causes illness in cows, pigs, sheep, goats, deer, and other animals with divided hooves.
- Animals with FMD typically have a fever and blisters on the tongue and lips, in and around the mouth, on the mammary glands, and around the hooves.
- Brucellosis is a zoonotic infection caused by the bacterial genus Brucella.
- It is a contagious, costly disease of ruminant (E.g. cattle, bison and cervids) animals that also affects humans.
- Although brucellosis can attack other animals, its main threat is to cattle, bison, cervids (E.g. elk and deer), and swine.
- The bacteria are transmitted from animals to humans by ingestion through infected food products, direct contact with an infected animal, or inhalation of aerosols.
- In humans, it’s known as undulant fever because of the severe intermittent fever accompanying human infection or Malta fever because it was first recognized as a human disease on the island of Malta.