Related Topics: Cyber Security, Science &Technology
- Union Minister for Communications, Electronics & Information Technology and Law & Justice, Ravi Shankar Prasad has unveiled the portal, www.ceir.gov.in, wherein the customer is required to report the lost phone or theft after filing a police complaint.
- The project has started on a pilot basis in Maharashtra and later it will be implemented across the country.
It aims to reduce the resale of lost/stolen phones by blocking the IMEI number. This move will also prevent the mobile phones to duplicate the IMEIs across the network.
How will it work?
- Each mobile phone has a 15 digit unique indemnification number — International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI) number.
- Whenever a user makes a call, the call record shows phone number of the caller and IMEI number of the handset from which the call has been made.
- The unique number of mobile devices is allocated by global industry body GSMA and bodies authorised by it.
- When the mobile is stolen or lost, the concerned person has to lodge an FIR and inform Department of Telecom (DoT).
- DoT will block the reported lost/stolen phone across the network which will prevent the reuse of the phone.
- If anyone tries to use the same device, the telecom service provider will identify the new user.
- The service provider will provide information to police to trace the lost/stolen mobile phone.
Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR)
- A large number of mobile phones have duplicate IMEIs making it challenging for the authorities to block such devices.
- The reported mobile phone will be blocked across networks and all existing mobile numbers with the IMEI will be put in an override list.
- If such IMEI is blocked, a large number of mobile phones will get blocked being handsets with same IMEI causing inconvenience to many genuine customers.
- Thus, there is a need to eliminate duplicate/fake IMEI mobile phones from the network.
- To deal with the associated problems, an indigenous solution has been developed by C-DOT, a research and development unit of the Department of Telecommunications (DOT).
- Since 2017, DOT has been working on developing the Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR), which will be a database of billions of IMEIs in India.
- The CEIR will additionally be able to access the GSMA’s worldwide IMEI database and compare IMEI numbers to track down counterfeit handsets.
- This would ensure international cooperation in matters of handset theft.
[Source: The Hindu, PIB, Livemint]