Related Topics: Immigration, UNDESA
According to a dataset released by the Union Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA), India has emerged as the leading country of origin for immigrants across the world, with 17.5 million international migrants in 2019 coming from India, up from 15.9 million in 2015.
Key Highlights of the Report
- As per the International Migrant Stock 2019, the number of international migrants in the world had reached an estimated 272 million in 2019 — 51 million more than in 2010.
- The percentage of international migrants of the total global population has increased to 3.5% from 2.8% in 2000.
- One-third of all international migrants originated from 10
- After India, Mexico ranked second as the country of origin for 12 million migrants, followed by China (11 million), Russia (10 million) and Syria (8 million).
- The European region hosted the highest number of the immigrants at 82 million in 2019, followed by North America (59 million) and Northern Africa and Western Asia (49 million).
- Among countries, the S. hosts the highest number of international migrants (51 million), about 19% of the global population.
- Around two-fifths of all international migrants had gone from one developing country to another.
- Forced displacements continue to rise, with the number of refugees and asylum seekers increased by about 13 million from 2010 to 2017.
Migrants in India
- While India remained as the top source of international migrants, the number of migrants living in India saw a slight decline from 5.24 million in 2015 to an estimated 5.15 million in 2019 – both 0.4% of the total population of the country.
- Bangladesh was the leading country of origin for migrants in India.
About International Migrant Stock
- It is a dataset released by the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA).
- It provides the latest estimates of the number of international migrants by age, sex and origin for all countries and areas of the world.
- The estimates are based on official national statistics on the foreign-born or the foreign population obtained from population censuses, population registers or nationally representative surveys.
[Source: The Hindu]