Related Topics: Governance, Education
All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2018-19 was released by the Union HRD Minister.
What is AISHE?
- The annual, web-based, All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) was initiated by Ministry of Human Resource Development in the year 2010-11 to portray the status of higher education in the country.
- The survey covers all the Institutions in the country engaged in imparting of higher education.
- Data is being collected on several parameters such as teachers, student enrolment, programmes, examination results, education finance, and infrastructure.
- Indicators of educational development such as Institution Density, Gross Enrolment Ratio, Pupil-teacher ratio, Gender Parity Index, Per Student Expenditure will also be calculated from the data collected through AISHE.
- These are useful in making informed policy decisions and research for development of education sector.
- Higher education institutions are categorized in 3 broad categories–university, college and stand-alone institutions.
- A total of 962 universities; 38,179 colleges and 9190 stand alone institutions participated in the survey for the year 2018-19.
Key Findings of the Report
- Gender gap has been narrowing significantly in India in higher education with Uttar Pradesh for the first time registering more female enrolment.
- The general trend indicates the narrowing of the gender gap with female enrolment improving from 47.6% in 2017-18 to 48.6% in 2018-19.
- The top 8 States in terms of highest number of colleges in India are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh.
- Bangalore Urban district tops in terms of number of colleges with 880 colleges followed by Jaipur with 566 colleges.
- College density, i.e. the number of colleges per lakh eligible population (population in the age-group 18-23 years) varies from 7 in Bihar to 53 in Karnataka as compared to All India average of 28.
- Total enrolment in higher education has been estimated to be 37.4 million with 19.2 million male and 18.2 million female. Female constitute 48.6% of the total enrolment.
- Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in Higher education is 26.3%, up from 25.8% in 2017-18, which is calculated for 18-23 years of age group.
- For Scheduled Castes, it is 23% and for Scheduled Tribes, it is 17.2% as compared to the national GER of 26.3%.
- Highest share of foreign students come from the neighbouring countries of which Nepal is 26.88% of the total, followed by, Afghanistan (9.8%), Bangladesh (4.38%), Sudan (4.02%), Bhutan (3.82%) and Nigeria (3.4%).
- Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR) in Universities and Colleges is 29 if regular mode enrolment is considered whereas PTR for Universities and its Constituent Units is 18 for regular mode.
- Maximum numbers of students are enrolled in B.A. programme followed by B.Sc. and B.Com. programmes.
- Gender Parity Index (GPI) has increased over the last five years, from 0.92 in 2014-15 to 1 in 2018-19.
- 40,813 students were awarded Ph.D. level degree during 2018 with 23,765 males and 17,048 females.
- At Ph.D. level, maximum numbers of students out-turn is in Science stream followed by Engineering and Technology.
- At PG level, maximum students out-turn is observed in Social Science and Management stream comes at number two.
- There are 34.8% colleges, which run only single programme, out of which 83.1% are privately managed.
- Student Enrolment in B.Tech and M.Tech programmes has seen a dramatic fall.
[Source: Livemint, Indian Express, aishe.nic.in]