Related Topics: Governance, Education
All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2018-19 was released by the Union HRD Minister.
What is AISHE?
- The annual, web-based, All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) was initiated by Ministry of Human Resource Development in the year 2010-11 to portray the status of higher education in the country.
- The survey covers all the Institutions in the country engaged in imparting of higher education.
- Data is being collected on several parameters such as teachers, student enrolment, programmes, examination results, education finance, and infrastructure.
- Indicators of educational development such as Institution Density, Gross Enrolment Ratio, Pupil-teacher ratio, Gender Parity Index, Per Student Expenditure will also be calculated from the data collected through AISHE.
- These are useful in making informed policy decisions and research for development of education sector.
- Higher education institutions are categorized in 3 broad categories–university, college and stand-alone institutions.
- A total of 962 universities; 38,179 colleges and 9190 stand alone institutions participated in the survey for the year 2018-19.
Key Findings of the Report
- Gender gap has been narrowing significantly in India in higher education with Uttar Pradesh for the first time registering more female enrolment.
- The general trend indicates the narrowing of the gender gap with female enrolment improving from 47.6% in 2017-18 to 48.6% in 2018-19.
- The top 8 States in terms of highest number of colleges in India are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh.
- Bangalore Urban district tops in terms of number of colleges with 880 colleges followed by Jaipur with 566 colleges.
- College density, i.e. the number of colleges per lakh eligible population (population in the age-group 18-23 years) varies from 7 in Bihar to 53 in Karnataka as compared to All India average of 28.
- Total enrolment in higher education has been estimated to be 37.4 million with 19.2 million male and 18.2 million female. Female constitute 48.6% of the total enrolment.
- Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in Higher education is 26.3%, up from 25.8% in 2017-18, which is calculated for 18-23 years of age group.
- For Scheduled Castes, it is 23% and for Scheduled Tribes, it is 17.2% as compared to the national GER of 26.3%.
- Highest share of foreign students come from the neighbouring countries of which Nepal is 26.88% of the total, followed by, Afghanistan (9.8%), Bangladesh (4.38%), Sudan (4.02%), Bhutan (3.82%) and Nigeria (3.4%).
- Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR) in Universities and Colleges is 29 if regular mode enrolment is considered whereas PTR for Universities and its Constituent Units is 18 for regular mode.
- Maximum numbers of students are enrolled in B.A. programme followed by B.Sc. and B.Com. programmes.
- Gender Parity Index (GPI) has increased over the last five years, from 0.92 in 2014-15 to 1 in 2018-19.
- 40,813 students were awarded Ph.D. level degree during 2018 with 23,765 males and 17,048 females.
- At Ph.D. level, maximum numbers of students out-turn is in Science stream followed by Engineering and Technology.
- At PG level, maximum students out-turn is observed in Social Science and Management stream comes at number two.
- There are 34.8% colleges, which run only single programme, out of which 83.1% are privately managed.
- Student Enrolment in B.Tech and M.Tech programmes has seen a dramatic fall.
[Source: Livemint, Indian Express, aishe.nic.in]
Related Topics: Government Schemes & Initiatives, Leather Sector Skill Council
Union Minister for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) has announced the launch of Mochi Swabhimaan Initiative.
About the Initiative
- It is a nationwide effort in which Leather Sector Skill Council (LSSC) will support the cobbler community who provide leather-based services, with CSR funds ensuring that they work in a dignified manner.
- The aim of the Initiative is to bring respect to their skills by giving them better working environment in the form of kiosks/umbrellas.
Leather Sector in India
- India accounts for about 13% of the world’s leather production.
- The leather and leather products industry contribute less than 1% to India’s GDP and Footwear industry contributes about 2% to India’s GDP.
- The sector employees over 2.5 million people and has potential to create 2 million jobs in the next 5 years.
- Government of India has allowed 100% foreign direct investment (FDI) in the sector and rationalized export duty on raw and semi-finished leather.
About Leather Sector Skill Council (LSSC)
- It is an NSDC approved non-profit organization dedicated to meet the demand for skilled workforce in the leather industry in India.
- It aims to facilitate a skilled ecosystem in the leather industry through capacity building for high productivity and compliance with global standards.
- Set up in 2012, LSSC works with a host of members from the industry, government organizations, the academia, the training partners and the assessment partners.
Related Topics: Artificial Intelligence, PPP Model
Ministry of Human Resource Development has announced a new PPP Scheme, National Educational Alliance for Technology (NEAT) for using technology for better learning outcomes in Higher Education. About the Scheme
- The objective of the scheme is to use Artificial Intelligence to make learning more personalised and customised as per the requirements of the learner.
- This requires development of technologies in Adaptive Learning to address the diversity of learners.
- There are a number of start-up companies developing this and MHRD would like to recognise such efforts and bring them under a common platform so that learners can access it easily.
- Educating the youth is a National effort and MHRD proposes to create a National Alliance with such technology developing EdTech Companies through a PPP model.
Role of MHRD
- MHRD would act as a facilitator to ensure that the solutions are freely available to a large number of economically backward students.
- MHRD would create and maintain a National NEAT platform that would provide one-stop access to these technological solutions.
- EdTech companies would be responsible for developing solutions and manage registration of learners through the NEAT portal.
- They would be free to charge fees as per their policy.
- As their contribution towards the National cause, they would have to offer free coupons to the extent of 25% of the total registrations for their solution through NEAT portal.
- MHRD would distribute the free coupons for learning to the most socially/economically backward students.
Implementation & Guidance
- AICTE would be the implementing agency for NEAT programme.
- The scheme shall be administered under the guidance of an Apex Committee constituted by MHRD.
- Independent Expert Committees would be constituted for evaluating and selecting the EdTech solutions.
- Awareness programs would be taken up by MHRD to create awareness of the NEAT solutions to teachers and students.
FACTS OF THE DAY
Ladakhi Shondol dance has created history yet again by breaking into the Guinness book of world records as the largest Ladakhi dance. 408 women artists in traditional dresses have performed gracefully the Shondol dance on the occasion of the Annual Naropa Festival. Shondol is a famous dance, which used to be performed by artists for King of Ladakh on special occasion. During the festival, it was not only focused on Zero usage of Plastic but also sensitise the religious and community leaders on plastic waste management and recycling.
A community summit named Howdy Modi was hosted by Texas India Forum (TIF) for Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the President of the United States Donald Trump on September 22, 2019 in Houston, Texas. Over 50,000 Indian-Americans attended the event, making it the largest gathering for an invited foreign leader visiting the United States other than the Pope.
FRIDAYS FOR FUTURE
Fridays for Future, a dynamic global student movement inspired by Swedish teenage climate activist Greta Thunberg, has received the 2019 Champions of the Earth award, the UN’s highest environmental honour. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) recognized Fridays for Future in the ‘Inspiration and Action’ category. Fridays for Future was honoured for electrifying the global conversation about climate change at a time when the window of opportunity to avoid the worst effects of rising temperatures is rapidly closing. Every Friday, students around the world take to the streets to demand that politicians do more to acknowledge and act upon the reality and severity of climate change. These regular marches have attracted more than one million young people across over 100 countries.