September 2019

Daily Current Affairs (28-09-19)


Related Topics: Tourism, UNWTO


United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) has chosen India as the host country to celebrate World Tourism Day 2019.

World Tourism Day

  • The purpose of World Tourism Day (WTD) is to foster awareness among the international community on the importance of tourism and its social, cultural, political and economic value.
  • The event seeks to address global challenges outlined in the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and highlight the contribution the tourism sector can make in reaching these goals.
  • It is celebrated on every September 27 around the world.
  • It is on this very date the statutes of the UNWTO were adopted.
  • The organization comes up with a different theme for the World Tourism Day every year.
  • For the first time, India will be hosting World Tourism Day this year.
  • The theme of World Tourism Day 2019 is ‘Tourism and Jobs: a better future for all’.
  • This is in line with UNWTO’s overall emphasis on skills, education and jobs throughout the year.
  • The theme resonates with organisation’s overarching objective to persuade the governments around the world to introduce new policies to maximise the potential of tourism and create more jobs, especially for youth and women.


  • It is the United Nations agency responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism.
  • It promotes tourism as a driver of economic growth, inclusive development and environmental sustainability and offers leadership and support to the sector in advancing knowledge and tourism policies worldwide.
  • It encourages the implementation of the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism, to maximize tourism’s socio-economic contribution while minimizing its possible negative impacts, and is committed to promoting tourism as an instrument in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

[Source: PIB, Business Today]



Related Topics: Reports & Indices, Digital India

Why in News?

The IMD World Digital Competitiveness Ranking 2019 has been released.

WDCR 2019

  • The ranking is produced by the IMD World Competitiveness Center.
  • For 30 years, the IMD World Competitiveness Center has pioneered research on how nations and enterprises compete to lay the foundations for future prosperity.
  • The Ranking measures the capacity and readiness of 63 nations to adopt and explore digital technologies as a key driver for economic transformation in business, government and wider society.
  • To evaluate an economy, WDCR examines three factors: Knowledge, the capacity to understand and learn the new technologies; Technology, the competence to develop new digital innovations; and Future readiness, the preparedness for the coming developments.

Global Ranking

  • The US was ranked as the world’s most digitally competitive economy, followed by Singapore in the second place.
  • Sweden was ranked third, followed by Denmark and Switzerland in the 4th and 5th place, respectively.
  • Hong Kong SAR (8th) and the Republic of Korea (10th) entered the top-10 for the first time, while Taiwan and China moved up to 13th and 22nd place, respectively.
  • The largest jump in the overall ranking was registered by China, moving from 30th to 22nd, and Indonesia, from 62nd to 56th.

Performance of India

  • India advanced from 48th place in 2018 to 44th rank in 2019 as the country has improved overall in all factors — knowledge, technology and future readiness — as compared to the previous year’s ranking.
  • India’s improvement in ranking was supported by positive results in talent, training and education as well as the enhancement of technological infrastructure,
[Source: Economic Times,]



Related Topics: Reports & Indices, ODF Free Status


The Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS), Ministry of Jal Shakti, GoI has launched the 10 Year Rural Sanitation Strategy (2019-2029) to sustain India’s 100 per cent Open Defecation Free (ODF) status claimed by the Centre.

About 10 Year Rural Sanitation Strategy

  • The strategy has been prepared by DDWS, in consultation with State Governments and other stakeholders.
  • It lays down a framework to guide local governments, policy makers, implementers and other relevant stakeholders in their planning for ODF Plus, where everyone uses a toilet, and every village has access to solid and liquid waste management.
  • The framework will ensure that people sustain their usage of toilets.

Key Features

  • It will focus on proper implementation of solid and liquid waste management (SLWM) — plastic waste, organic waste, grey water, and faecal sludge — in rural areas.
  • A district-level Training Management Unit (TMU) will be set up to provide oversight and support to Gram Panchayats (GPs) so that they ensure the operation and maintenance of sanitation infrastructure.
  • The GPs are also supposed to conduct rapid assessment of water and sanitation gaps.
  • While government funding is the primary source of financing in the sanitation sector, the strategy mentioned in the framework also suggests alternative self-financing by gradual leveraging of community resources in the form of tariffs for ODF plus activities.
  • The framework talks about state-specific strategies on menstrual hygiene management, including menstrual waste management, which may be supported under the ODF plus strategy.
  • It focuses on sustaining the sanitation behavior change that has been achieved under the Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBM-G), ensuring that no one is left behind, and increasing access to solid and liquid waste management.
  • It focuses on the need for States/UTs to continue their efforts to sustain the gains of the mission through capacity strengthening, IEC (Information, education and communication), organic waste management, plastic waste management, grey water management and black water management.
  • It also speaks about potential collaborations with development partners, civil society and inter-government partnerships.

Way Forward

  • Following the tremendous progress being made in ODF declaration across the country, the next step for Swachh Bharat Gramin will be to focus on sustaining this ODF status and systematic solid and liquid waste management in rural India.
  • The 10 Year Rural Sanitation Strategy (2019-2029) formulated by the government is a right step in this direction.
[Source: PIB, Down To Earth]



KAZIND – 2019

Joint Military Exercise KAZIND-2019 between India and Kazakhstan will be conducted at Pithoragarh from 02 to 15 October 2019. The exercise will comprise of nearly 100 soldiers from both Indian and Kazakhstan Army who would be sharing their experience gained during conduct of various counter insurgency and counter terrorism operations in the past. Exercise KAZIND-2019 is the fourth edition of an annual event which is conducted alternatively in Kazakhstan and India. The aim of this exercise is to conduct company level joint training with emphasis on counter terrorism operations in mountainous terrain. During the exercise, aspects of emerging trends of global terrorism and hybrid warfare have also been included.


Twenty countries, including France, Britain and India, have signed an agreement at the United Nations to stop the spread of fake news on-line. The signatories including South Africa and Canada have committed to promoting independently reported, diverse and reliable information on the internet under an accord initiated by Reporters Without Borders (RSF), a press freedom watchdog. The agreement underlined the responsibility of internet providers to promote trustworthy content and pluralism to escape the current information chaos. RSF is a non-profit, non-governmental organization with consultant status at the United Nations.


An Emirati astronaut, Hazzaa al-Mansoori has made history as the first Arab to reach the International Space Station (ISS). He has become the first Arab astronaut to enter this multinational space station and only the third Arab in space after Saudi Arabia’s Sultan Bin Salman Bin Abdul Aziz (1985), and Syria’s Mohammad Faris (1987). As part of its space plans, the UAE has also announced its aim to become the first Arab country to send an unmanned probe to orbit Mars by 2021, naming it “Hope“. The International Space Station – a rare example of cooperation between Russia and the West – has been orbiting Earth at about 28,000km (17,000 miles) per hour since 1998.

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