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NUCLEAR SUPPLIERS GROUP (NSG) AND INDIA’S RENEWABLE ENERGY TARGETS

Written by Talent KAS

Related Topics: International Organizations, Renewbale Energy Target

News

  • PM Narendra Modi has pitched for India’s inclusion in the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) saying that the country faces a challenge in nuclear energy because it is not a member of the group of nuclear supplier countries and faces issue of supply of fuel.
  • China has kept India out of the 48-member NSG, which controls the export of nuclear materials.
  • PM also declined to commit to a reduction in coal usage, which both he said is essential to ensure electricity to millions of its citizens.

About NSG

  • It was created in response to India’s 1974 atomic bomb test that challenged the credibility of laws written to prohibit nuclear proliferation.
  • It is comprised of 48 states that have voluntarily agreed to coordinate their export controls to non-nuclear-weapon states.
  • The NSG governs the transfers of civilian nuclear material and nuclear-related equipment and technology.
  • It aims to prevent nuclear exports for commercial and peaceful purposes from being used to make nuclear weapons.
  • In order to ensure that their nuclear imports are not used to develop weapons, NSG members are expected to forgo nuclear trade with governments that do not subject themselves to confidence-building international measures and inspections.
  • While nations are free to discuss bilateral details with uranium suppliers even if they are out of the NSG, India has struggled to add nuclear generation capacity because of a range of challenges, including developers’ concerns over a liability law and local protests.

Why India is not ready to commit to a reduction in coal usage?

  • India has the world’s third-largest coal reserves
  • Coal helps produce about 72 per cent of the country’s electricity, which the Power Ministry’s draft plan seeks to reduce to 50 per cent by 2030.
  • India needs to use cleaner methods of mining and consuming the fuel.

India’s Renewable Energy Target

  • India had earlier set a target to achieve 175 Gigawatt of renewable energy by 2022.
  • India aims to achieve 450 gigawatts of renewable power capacity in the near future and is ahead of schedule in implementing a more immediate goal of 175 gigawatts capacity from solar, wind and biomass.
  • According to the NewClimate Institute think tank, India would have to play a major role — along with China and the United States (US) — in keeping global warming below the Paris agreement ceiling of 2 degrees Celsius.
  • The three countries combined produce over 50 per cent of the global carbon dioxide emissions, but are also the largest renewable energy markets.
[Source: The Hindu, Business Standard]

 

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