Related Topics: Reports & Indices, ODF Free Status
The Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS), Ministry of Jal Shakti, GoI has launched the 10 Year Rural Sanitation Strategy (2019-2029) to sustain India’s 100 per cent Open Defecation Free (ODF) status claimed by the Centre.
About 10 Year Rural Sanitation Strategy
- The strategy has been prepared by DDWS, in consultation with State Governments and other stakeholders.
- It lays down a framework to guide local governments, policy makers, implementers and other relevant stakeholders in their planning for ODF Plus, where everyone uses a toilet, and every village has access to solid and liquid waste management.
- The framework will ensure that people sustain their usage of toilets.
- It will focus on proper implementation of solid and liquid waste management (SLWM) — plastic waste, organic waste, grey water, and faecal sludge — in rural areas.
- A district-level Training Management Unit (TMU) will be set up to provide oversight and support to Gram Panchayats (GPs) so that they ensure the operation and maintenance of sanitation infrastructure.
- The GPs are also supposed to conduct rapid assessment of water and sanitation gaps.
- While government funding is the primary source of financing in the sanitation sector, the strategy mentioned in the framework also suggests alternative self-financing by gradual leveraging of community resources in the form of tariffs for ODF plus activities.
- The framework talks about state-specific strategies on menstrual hygiene management, including menstrual waste management, which may be supported under the ODF plus strategy.
- It focuses on sustaining the sanitation behavior change that has been achieved under the Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBM-G), ensuring that no one is left behind, and increasing access to solid and liquid waste management.
- It focuses on the need for States/UTs to continue their efforts to sustain the gains of the mission through capacity strengthening, IEC (Information, education and communication), organic waste management, plastic waste management, grey water management and black water management.
- It also speaks about potential collaborations with development partners, civil society and inter-government partnerships.
- Following the tremendous progress being made in ODF declaration across the country, the next step for Swachh Bharat Gramin will be to focus on sustaining this ODF status and systematic solid and liquid waste management in rural India.
- The 10 Year Rural Sanitation Strategy (2019-2029) formulated by the government is a right step in this direction.