October 2019

Daily Current Affairs (02-10-19)


Related Topics: Infrastructure Development, Private Trains


  • IRCTC has announced that passengers travelling on the Delhi-Lucknow Tejas Express will get compensation for delays.
  • The train will not be operated directly by the Railways, but by the Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC).
  • The new Tejas Express will be flagged off on 4th October, 2019 and will run on the New Delhi-Lucknow route for six days a week.
  • It is the first corporate train of the country.

How to claim compensation?

  • In case of delay, a passenger will need to fill up a claim form with the insurance company in the link provided online or file a claim on its toll-free number.
  • On the submission of the required documents, the insurance company will settle the claim within two to three days.
  • Travellers will be given ₹250 for delays of over two hours and ₹100 will be paid if the delay is for over an hour.

Global Practice

  • Many countries and cities across the globe compensate passengers for delays — some do so as monetary compensation and some in kind.
  • A delay certificate is issued to passengers by railway companies as proof that a train arrived at a station later than stated in the timetable in Japan and Paris.
  • The document can be shown in schools or offices for late admission at university exams.
  • Rail passengers are entitled to get automatic compensation for delayed journeys in U.K.

[Source: The Hindu]



Related Topics: Constitution & Law, Social Issues


Supreme Court (SC) has recalled its directions in a March 20, 2018 verdict that had effectively diluted provisions of arrest under the Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989.

What was the earlier judgment of SC?

  • On March 20, 2018, a judgment by Justice (now retired) A.K. Goel diluted the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act of 1989, to grant anticipatory bail to accused persons.
  • It directed that the police should conduct a preliminary enquiry on whether complaint under the 1989 law is “frivolous or motivated” before registering a case.
  • Both conditions were not part of the original legislation.
  • The Court had reasoned that members of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (SC/ST) use the 1989 law to lodge false complaints, leading to the arrest of innocent persons.
  • The judgment had triggered widespread protests and violence and compelled the government to amend the Act to negate the effect of the apex court ruling.

Why Supreme Court recalled its decision?

  • The Centre Government filed a review against the earlier judgment.
  • In its judgment on the government’s review petition, a three-judge Bench reasoned that human failing and not caste is the reason behind the lodging of false criminal complaints.
  • Supreme Court condemned its own earlier judgment, saying it was against “basic human dignity” to treat all SC/ST community members as “a liar or crook.”
  • The Court also observed that members of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, due to backwardness, cannot even muster the courage to lodge an FIR, much less, a false one.
  • The court accepted that Dalits have suffered for long and negated the basis of last year’s judgment in which the court had commented on false cases under the Act.

About SC & ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989

  • Since crimes against SCs and STs are fundamentally hate crimes, the government enacted the Act in 1989 in furtherance of the provisions for Abolition of Untouchability (Article 17) and Equality (Articles 14, 15) in the Constitution.
  • The Act aims to prevent crimes against members of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and to provide for relief and rehabilitation of victims of such offences.

[Source: The Hindu, Indian Express]



Related Topics: Government Programs & Initiatives, Atal Innovation Mission (AIM)


On the 150th birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), NITI Aayog’s Atal Tinkering Labs (ATL) and UNICEF India, including Generation Unlimited, have launched ‘The Gandhian Challenge’.

About Gandhian Challenge

  • It is an innovation challenge, which provides a platform for every child across India to ideate innovative solutions for a sustainable India of their dreams, using Gandhi’s principles.
  • The contest is open for every child in India from 2 October to 20 October, 2019.
  • It also celebrates 70 years of partnership between Government of India and UNICEF India to enable Every Right for Every Child.
  • Through this partnership, AIM and UNICEF recognize every child’s ability and right to voice their dreams for a world of their choice, following Gandhi’s principles.
  • The most innovative, sustainable solutions/ideas will be showcased as a symbol of a larger movement by children taking root in every district of India.
  • Children across India can access to more than 8000 Atal Tinkering Labs across all districts to support their innovative ideas.

Atal Innovation Mission (AIM)

  • It is the Government of India’s flagship initiative to promote a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship in the country.
  • AIM’s objective is to develop new programmes and policies for fostering innovation in different sectors of the economy, provide platform and collaboration opportunities for different stakeholders, create awareness and create an umbrella structure to oversee innovation ecosystem of the country.

Six major initiatives of AIM

  • Atal Tinkering Labs – Creating problem-solving mindset across schools in India.
  • Atal Incubation Centers – Fostering world class start-ups and adding a new dimension to the incubator model.
  • Atal New India Challenges – Fostering product innovations and aligning them to the needs of various sectors/ministries.
  • Mentor India Campaign – A national Mentor network in collaboration with public sector, corporates and institutions, to support all the initiatives of the mission.
  • Atal Community Innovation Center – To stimulate community centric innovation and ideas in the unserved /underserved regions of the country including Tier 2 and Tier 3 cities.
  • ARISE – To stimulate innovation and research in the MSME industry.

Atal Tinkering Labs (ATL)

In ATLs, students of class 6th to 12th acquire a problem-solving attitude; develop innovative solutions leveraging technologies like 3D printers, robotics, miniaturised electronics, IOT and programming and DIY kits, with support from teachers and mentors.

[Source: PIB]




The Election Commission has reduced Sikkim CM Prem Singh Tamang’s disqualification period by almost five years, making him eligible to contest elections. Tamang was found guilty of misappropriating government funds in a cow distribution scheme while he was Animal Husbandry Minister in the 1990s. The disqualification period was to end on August 10, 2024, but following the EC ruling, Tamang’s period of disqualification ended on September 10, 2019. He had not contested the Assembly election in the summer this year but took oath as chief minister following his party’s victory. He was required to win an Assembly seat in six months. He had asked the EC for a waiver of his disqualification under Section 11 of The Representation of the People Act (RPA), 1951.


Law schools across India have launched a collaborative legal aid clinic for people excluded from the updated National Register Citizens (NRC) in Assam. More than 19 lakh applicants were left out of the Supreme Court-monitored NRC that was published on August 31, 2019. Those who were left out are required to file appeals against their exclusion within 120 days of receiving their rejection order from the NRC authority. The clinic named Parichay (Identity) will be headquartered in Guwahati. It is envisaged to function as a clearing house of litigation and research assistance for lawyers filing appeals against exclusion from the NRC The institutes include Assam’s National Law University and Judicial Academy (NLUJA), the Kolkata-based West Bengal National University of Juridical Science, Hyderabad’s National Academy of Legal Studies and Research (NALSAR), Delhi’s National Law University and National Law University of Odisha. Parichay is an extension of the commitment of the National University of Juridical Sciences to the provision of legal aid, to fulfil the constitutional mandate under Article 39A of the Constitution of India.


With the completion of the Edamon-Kochi power highway, power can be transmitted to Kerala from any part of India through the 400 kV network. It is expected to provide a big boost to the power sector of Kerala. Commissioning of the power transmission network had increased the State’s power import capability by 800 MW. It was a foolproof alternative in the event of any contingency in the Udumalpet- Palakkad- Thrissur- Kochi corridor. The 148-km Edamon-Kochi line has 447 towers and passes through Kollam (22 km), Pathanamthitta (47 km), Kottayam (51 km), and Ernakulam (28 km). In the absence of the Edamon-Kochi line, power from Kudankulam nuclear power station was evacuated through the Tirunelveli – Udumalpet – Madakkathara -Kochi line resulting in transmission loss of about 20 MW (102 million units of power) a year. The total project cost, including construction and compensation expenses, was around ₹1,300 crore.


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