September 2019

Daily Current Affairs (30-09-19)

BAN ON ONION EXPORTS

Related Topics: Crops in India, Export Policy

News

  • Government has prohibited onion exports until further notice and imposed limits on the stocks that can be held to prevent hoarding in the light of skyrocketing prices.
  • According to the notification from the Director-General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), the export policy of onions is amended from “free to prohibited till further orders”.

Government Decisions

  • Central Government has imposed stock limits on onion traders.
  • Government has banned export of onions with immediate effect till further orders.
  • State Governments have been asked to enforce the stock limits strictly and carry out anti-hoarding operations against the unscrupulous traders by organizing raids, etc.
  • A Central buffer of about 56,700 MT was built by the Government through NAFED during Rabi 2019 season.
  • States have been asked to utilise this buffer and indicate their demand for the same to Department of Consumer Affairs and/or NAFED.

Why the Centre has initiated these actions?

  • The recent ban aims to tame prices of onion, which have doubled in the domestic retail market since July, 2019.
  • It will facilitate release of stocks in the market and prevention of hoarding by traders.
  • The decision to ban exports is expected to improve domestic availability of onion.

Impact on Traders

  • Retail traders across the country will now be able to stock only up to 100 quintals of onion while wholesale traders will be allowed to stock up to 500 quintals.
  • In the past, the Centre had authorised states to impose stock limits but this time it has imposed the limits on its own.

Way Forward

  • A ban is an irrational and sub-optimal solution.
  • Instead, efforts should be channelized into investing in scientific storage and processing facilities that will help augment supplies during a crisis.
  • There is a need to promote modern cold storages and develop a system similar to that of the warehouse receipt system for farmers.
  • Encouraging imports, not banning exports, is the remedy to augment supplies.
  • More policy making and political attention should be devoted to raising onion output and farm output in general, for that matter.
  • State Governments must launch a concerted intelligence drive to crack down on hoarders and bring the stocks to the market swiftly.

[Source: The Hindu, PIB, Economic Times]

 

MINOR PLANET NAMED AFTER PANDIT JASRAJ

Related Topics: Science & Technology, Awards & Honours

News

  • The International Astronomical Union (IAU) has named a minor planet after Indian classical singer Pandit Jasraj.
  • Information on naming the minor planet Panditjasraj is published in the ‘Minor Planet Circulars/Minor Planets and Comets’ on behalf of IAU.

Minor Planet Panditjasraj (300128)

  • IAU has named the minor planet as ‘Panditjasraj (300128)’.
  • The number 300128 is derived from Jasraj’s date of birth, January 28, 1930.
  • The asteroid, or more formally known as a minor planet, is located between Mars and Jupiter.
  • It was discovered on November 11, 2006, by the Catalina Sky Survey, whose telescopes are based in Arizona in the United States.

Process of Naming Minor Planets

  • When a new celestial body is identified, a provisional name is given to it.
  • The year of discovery followed by two letters of the alphabet and two numbers are the main components of the provisional name.
  • Reports suggested that the Minor planet which has been named after Pandit Jasraj was initially named as ‘2006VP32’.
  • The privilege of naming a planet is first given to discoverers, who have 10 years to propose a name.
  • According to the IAU’s guidelines, the discoverer or team is expected to write a short citation, explaining the reasons for assigning the name.
  • All names proposed are judged by the 15-member Working Group for Small Body Nomenclature (CSBN) of the IAU, comprising professional astronomers with research interests in minor planets and/or comets from around the world.

Minor Planet or ‘Small Solar System Body’

  • Minor planets are comparatively smaller celestial objects than Planets.
  • They orbit the Sun and are not large enough for their gravity to pull them into a spherical shape.
  • The shape of a minor planet is the factor that distinguishes them from planets or ‘dwarf planets’, which are almost spherical in shape.
  • The celestial bodies which are categorised as minor planets include asteroids, comets, and several other celestial objects that orbit the Sun.

About Pandit Jasraj

  • Pandit Jasraj (b. 1930) is an exponent of Indian classical vocal music.
  • He is the recipient of numerous awards, honours, and titles, including the prestigious Padma Vibhushan and the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award.
  • He created a novel form of jugalbandi called Jasrangi that is styled on the ancient system of moorchhana, between a male and a female vocalist, who each sing different ragas at the same time.

[Source: The Hindu, Financial Express]

 

GALO COMMUNITY IN ARUNACHAL PRADESH

Related Topics: Art & Culture, Tribes in India

News

  • Members of the Galo community in Arunachal Pradesh can recall the name of their ancestor from 20 generations ago, and this is made possible by their system of naming.
  • Bagra, an Ethnographer who began record-keeping 20 years ago, has now created a Genealogical website, with some names hyperlinked.

How Galo Community trace their ancestors?

  • They trace their common origin to a primeval ancestor, Abotani.
  • Unlike the Mising (Assam), Adi, Apatani, Nyishi and Tagin, the other communities, only the Galos maintain genealogy through given names.
  • They have a system of prefixing the second syllable of a father’s name to that of a son, who passes on the suffix in his name to his son.
  • They can trace the names of ancestors from the first syllable or prefix of their names.

About Galo Community

  • The Galos belong to the Tani group inhabiting Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, besides Tibet.
  • At about 1.5 lakh people, the Galos are one of the 26 major communities of Arunachal Pradesh, and dominate West Siang, Lepa Rada and Lower Siang districts.
  • They have a big population in East Siang, Upper Subansiri and Namsai districts too.
  • They have been recognized as a Scheduled Tribe in the Amendment to the Constitution (ST), Order, 1950, Part-XVIII.
  • Mopin festival is a popular agricultural festival celebrated by the Galo tribe.
[Source: The Hindu]

 

FACTS OF THE DAY

MOU BETWEEN INDIAN ARMY AND BANK OF BARODA

Indian Army and Bank of Baroda entered in a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU). The MoU lays down the basis on which banking services would be provided by Bank of Baroda to serving and retired personnel of the Indian Army. Some salient features of this MoU include Free Personal Accident Insurance (Death & Permanent Total Disability) cover, Free Air Accident Insurance (AAI) cover of Rs 15 lakhs to Rs 50 lakhs and overdraft facility up to three times of monthly net salary.  The features are also applicable for pensioners of Indian army up to the age of 70 yrs.

AROGYA MANTHAN

Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare has inaugurated the ‘Arogya Manthan’, a 2-day national workshop organised by National Health Authority (NHA) to mark the first year anniversary of Ayushman Bharat PMJAY, which was launched on 23rd September, 2018 at Ranchi.  Ayushman Bharat with it pillars of Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) and Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY) fulfills the central government’s pragmatic vision of serving the poor and needy, through affordable, quality and accessible healthcare services which are now available close to their own communities, and the assurance component which is totally cashless, and available in any part of the country.

MAITREE – 2019

Exercise MAITREE-2019, the joint military training exercise between Indian Army (IA) & Royal Thailand Army (RTA) culminated at Foreign Training Node, Umroi (Meghalaya). During the exercise, contingents of both armies shared their expertise and experiences in counter terrorism operations and enhanced interoperability. The scope of the exercise encompassed joint training in various facets of counter terrorism operations in urban and jungle environments.

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