Written by Talent KAS

Related Topics: Reports & Indices, NITI Aayog

Why in News?

The first edition of School Education Quality Index (SEQI) was released by NITI Aayog.

What is SEQI?

  • It was developed by NITI Aayog to evaluate the performance of States and Union Territories (UTs) in the school education sector.
  • The index aims to bring an ‘outcomes’ focus to education policy by providing States and UTs with a platform to identify their strengths and weaknesses and undertake requisite course corrections or policy interventions.
  • In line with NITI Aayog’s mandate to foster the spirit of competitive and cooperative federalism, SEQI strives to facilitate the sharing of knowledge and best practices across States and UTs.

Aim and Purpose

  • SEQI aims to drive policy reforms that will improve the quality of school education.
  • The index seeks to institutionalise a focus on enhancing education outcomes by driving improvements in learning levels, access, equity, infrastructure and governance processes.
  • The index recognises that school education is a subject on the Concurrent List and that State-level leadership is crucial for improving outcomes in a cost-effective manner.
  • The index will serve as a regular and transparent review of the status of school education quality across the States and UTs.

Index categories and Domains

  • SEQI is based on a set of indicators that measure the overall effectiveness, quality and efficiency of the Indian school education system.
  • The index encourages States/UTs to improve their scores by showing progress across these aspects.

Summary of Index Categories and Domains

Developed through a collaborative process, including key stakeholders such as Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD), the World Bank and sector experts, the index consists of 30 critical indicators that assess the delivery of quality education.

Categorization of States & UTs

  • To facilitate like-to-like comparisons, States and UTs have been grouped as Large States, Small States and Union Territories.
  • Within each of these groups, the indicator values have been appropriately scaled, normalized and weighted to generate an overall performance score and ranking for each State and UT.
  • States and UTs are ranked on their overall performance in the reference year 2016-17, as well as on the change in their performance between the reference year and base year (2015-16).
  • The rankings present incredible insights on the status of school education across States/UTs and their relative progress over time.

Overall Performance of States & UTs

Large States

  • Kerala has the highest overall performance score of 76.6 percent.
  • Uttar Pradesh ranks last among the Large States, with an overall performance score of 36.4 percent.
  • In the Outcomes category, Karnataka leads the Large States, with a score of 81.9 percent while Uttar Pradesh has the lowest score of 34.1 percent.
  • In the Governance Processes Aiding Outcomes category, Kerala has the highest score of 79.0 percent while Jharkhand comes in last with a score of 21.0 percent.
  • Haryana, Assam and Uttar Pradesh showed the most improvement in their performance in 2016-17, in comparison to the base year of 2015-16.

Small States

  • Manipur has the highest overall performance score of 68.8 percent.
  • Arunachal Pradesh ranks last, with an overall performance score of 24.6 percent.
  • Of the eight Small States, seven perform better on the Outcomes category, with the most noticeable performance differences was observed in the cases of Manipur, Tripura and Goa.
  • In the Governance Processes Aiding Outcomes category, Mizoram has the highest score of 47.5 percent while Arunachal Pradesh ranks last with a score of 18.3 percent.

Union Territories

  • In UTs, the overall performance score ranged from 82.9 percent for Chandigarh to 31.9 percent for Lakshadweep.
  • Consistent with its overall score, Chandigarh is also the best-performing UT on the Outcomes and Governance Processes Aiding Outcomes categories, with scores of 88.4 percent and 69.5 percent respectively.
  • Lakshadweep received the lowest score (28.9 percent) on the Outcomes category while Dadra & Nagar Haveli received the lowest score (33.5 percent) on the Governance Processes Aiding Outcomes category.


  • Schooling should result in successful learning outcomes.
  • To ensure the system is geared towards learning, SEQI assigns almost half its weight to learning outcomes.
  • This sends a strong signal across the nation to ensure the focus remains centered on learning outcomes.
  • SEQI is envisioned as a dynamic instrument that will continue to evolve.
  • Over time, the relevance of the existing indicators and the availability of data for new indicators will be factored into the index design.
  • The NITI Aayog aims to drive tangible policy improvements towards achieving quality education in a coherent and collaborative manner.
  • The index will institutionalise a strong focus on improving school education outcomes with respect to learning, access, equity and governance in India, and also help facilitate the sharing of best practices.
[Source: PIB,]


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