Written by Talent KAS

Related Topics: Government Schemes & Initiatives, E-Governance


Union Minister of State for Power and New & Renewable Energy (IC) and Skill Development & Entrepreneurship and the Union Minister for Coal, Mines and Parliamentary Affairs have jointly launched PRAKASH (Power Rail Koyla Availability through Supply Harmony) portal.


  • The portal has been launched at a time when coal inventory at power plants are reduced to 20 MT at September 2019, sufficient to last for 11 days on an average.
  • According to analysts, total inventory at power plants and coal companies now stand at 40 MT only.
  • Coal production in the country declined 4% annually to 304 MT in the first six months of FY20, mainly due to excessive rains hampering mining operations.
  • However, state-owned miners Coal India and Singareni Collieries have increased their supplies to the power sector by 66% annually to 426 MT in the same period.

Need for the Portal

  • Present mechanism to review coal supply situation consists of an Inter-Ministerial Group which has officials from Ministries of Power, Coal, Railways, CEA, power utilities and coal companies.
  • This group holds weekly meetings to review coal supply situation as well as railway logistics.
  • It was observed that this mechanism faced several issues such as scattered information, correctness of data from different organizations, timely availability of data etc.
  • This often led to difficulties in decision making.

About Prakash Portal

  • It is developed by National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (NTPC) and sources data from different stakeholders such as Central Electricity Authority (CEA), Centre for Railway Information System (CRIS) and coal companies.
  • To present information in a user friendly method, the Portal gives graphical representation of reports with details shown on the map of India.


Currently, the Portal will make available four reports as detailed below –

Daily Power Plant Status

  • This report gives Station data related to power generation, coal receipt, consumption and stock.
  • Report can be generated utility wise, state wise and sector wise (default utility-wise).

Periodic Power Plant Status

  • The Report gives Station data related to power generation, coal receipt, consumption and stock for selected period.
  • Coal materialisation based on dispatch by coal company is available.

Plant Exception Report

  • This report gives materialisation and rakes in pipeline through Rail.

Coal Dispatch Report

  • Report gives coal subsidiary wise dispatch for particular period.
  • It also gives source wise details of coal dispatch.
  • Dispatch trend is also shown.
  • Plant wise and siding wise details are available.

Benefits of Portal to the Stakeholders

  • Coal company will be able to track stocks and the coal requirement at power stations for effective production planning.
  • Indian Railways will plan to place the rakes as per actual coal available at siding and stock available at power stations.
  • Power stations can plan future schedule by knowing rakes in pipe line and expected time to reach.
  • Ministry of Power /Ministry of Coal/ CEA/ POSOCO can review overall availability of coal at thermal power plants in different regions.
[Source: PIB]

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