Related Topics: Reports & Indices, Global Innovation Index
NITI Aayog with Institute for Competitiveness as the knowledge partner has released the first-ever India Innovation Index 2019.
About the Index
- It is an outcome of extensive research and analysis, which looks holistically at the innovation landscape of India by examining the innovation capabilities and performance of Indian states and union territories.
- It aims to create a holistic tool which can be used by policymakers across the country to identify the challenges to be addressed and strengths to build on when designing the economic growth policies for their regions.
- The index intends to perform the following three functions-
1) Ranking of states and UTs based on their index scores,
2) Recognizing opportunities and challenges, and
3) Assisting in tailoring governmental policies to foster innovation.
- The index presents the latest findings and highlights the regional catalysts and caveats for promoting innovation readiness.
- It also includes a section on state profiles covering 33 indicators looking at the different facets of innovation in India.
Categorisation of States & UTs
The states and union territories have been bifurcated into three categories: major states, north-east and hill states, and union territories / city states / small states.
- The India Innovation Index 2019 is calculated as the average of the scores of its two dimensions – Enablers and Performance.
- The Enablers are the factors that underpin innovative capacities, grouped in five pillars: Human Capital, Investment, Knowledge Workers, Business Environment, and Safety and Legal Environment.
- The Performance dimension captures benefits that a nation derives from the inputs, divided in two pillars: Knowledge Output and Knowledge Diffusion.
Key Findings of the Index
- Karnataka has topped the overall rankings in the category of major states.
- Karnataka has topped the performance parameters and is also among the best in infrastructure, knowledge workers, knowledge output and business environment.
- Maharashtra has the best enabling environment for innovation despite its overall third rank among the major states.
- Tamil Nadu and Kerala top the list for human capital and Haryana has the best safety and legal environment.
- Delhi, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, and Uttar Pradesh are the most efficient states in translating inputs into output.
- Sikkim, Himachal and Uttarakhand topped the rankings among the north east and hill states while Nagaland, Mizoram and Meghalaya were stacked at the bottom.
- Among Union Territories, Delhi topped the list followed by Chandigargh and Goa.
- The index shows that the innovation ecosystem of the country is strong in south and western parts of India.
- There seems to be a west-south and north-east divide across the country.
- The index, developed on the lines of the Global Innovation Index, looks into the innovation ecosystem of Indian states and Union Territories to help policymakers design policies to drive innovation across regions.
- The India Innovation Index would create synergies between different stakeholders in the innovation ecosystem and India would shift to competitive good governance.
- The index is a great beginning to improve the environment of innovation in the country as it focuses on both the input and output components of the idea.
- The index is a good effort to benchmark the performance of the state with each other and promote competitive federalism.
- There is a need for more Research and Development (R&D) spending and improvement of top educational institutions in the country to produce greater innovation outputs.
- Cluster-based innovation should be leveraged upon as the focal point of competitiveness.
- A collaborative platform consisting of all the stakeholders of innovation – innovators, researchers, and investors from the industry should be developed.
- This will help in strengthening the industry-academia linkages and will ease the process of technology transfer by providing a platform for innovators to showcase their inventions.
[Source: PIB, Hindustan Times]