October 2019

Daily Current Affairs (21-10-19)

INDIAN PENAL CODE (IPC), 1860

Related Topics: Constitution & Law, Governance

News

  • Union Home Ministry is all set to overhaul the Indian Penal Code (IPC) designed by the British.
  • Recently, the Ministry wrote to all States and Union Territories seeking suggestions to amend various sections of the IPC.
  • Two committees comprising legal luminaries have also been constituted by the Ministry.

What is Indian Penal Code (IPC)?

  • The Indian Penal Code (IPC) is the official criminal code of India.
  • It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law.
  • The main feature of the Indian Penal Code is that it provides the law makers as well as enforcers with a fundamental document that maps all the laws and the liable punishments, if the laws are breached in some way or the other.
  • The code was drafted in 1860 on the recommendations of first law commission of India established in 1834 under the Charter Act of 1833 under the Chairmanship of Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay.
  • It came into force in British India during the early British period in 1862.

Need for the Revamp

  • Rebooting the code introduced by the British in 1860 was necessary as it is primarily based on the spirit of “master and servant.
  • In the British era, the police were raised to protect their interests, but now their duty is to protect the people.
  • After it was framed, the IPC has never been amended in totality. Only, some additions and deletions have been made.
  • Uneven punishment exists for crimes of grievous nature. “For example — snatching of chains or bags on road. It could be life-threatening in some cases but the punishment is not commensurate with the gravity of the crime. Depending on the whims of the police, it is booked under robbery or theft.

[Source: The Hindu]

 

INDIA, MALDIVES DEFENCE TIES

Related Topics: International Relations, HADR exercise

News

With the recent improvement in relations, India and the Maldives will take forward several pending measures to promote defence cooperation in the next few months.

Lease of Dornier aircraft

  • The agreement for lease of a Dornier aircraft for maritime surveillance is being finalised.
  • India had sent a Letter of Exchange for a two-year lease of the Dornier at the request of Male a few years ago.
  • But the deal was not finalised by the Maldives owing to the friction in the relationship.

India’s Coastal Radar Chain Network

  • Work on the radar stations to plug the Maldives into India’s coastal radar chain is progressing fast.
  • In the aftermath of the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks, India began setting up the coastal radar chain network to monitor the movement of traffic on the high seas.
  • Mauritius, Seychelles and Sri Lanka have already been part of the network.
  • Terrorism is a major threat to the Maldives, and maritime security is the top-most concern.

Broad-based Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) exercise

  • A proposal for a joint humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HADR) exercise is in the works.
  • The aim is to draft all agencies of both countries involved in the area.
  • In the recent past, the Indian Navy has become the first responder to calls for help from countries affected by natural disasters in the Indian Ocean Region.
  • The exercise is especially important owing to the increase in natural disasters in the region.

Background

  • The India – Myanmar bilateral relationship went on a downward trajectory since the Maldives started moving closer to China under the earlier regime of President Abdulla Yameen.
  • However, the relations have normalised after President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih took over in 2018.
[Source: The Hindu]

 

INDIA’S FIRST VOLUNTARY LIVER TRANSPLANT REGISTRY

Related Topics: Science & Technology, Organ Transplantation

News

  • India’s first voluntary liver transplant registry that started on August 15, 2019 has picked up pace.
  • In a short span, it has received data of 74 transplants carried out by 11 hospitals across six States.

Liver Transplant Registry

  • It was initiated by the Liver Transplantation Society of India (LTSI).
  • The registry aims to collate national data of the procedures and their outcomes.
  • Hospitals from Delhi NCR, Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu have voluntarily reported their transplants to the registry.
  • More hospitals are in various stages of signing up and by December 2019, LTSI hope to get the majority of liver transplantation centres on board.
  • The Registry is completely focussed on national outcomes.

Need for the Registry

  • Nearly 2,000 liver transplants are carried out in India annually, which is highest in the world.
  • However, there is no India-specific data available for the same.
  • This leaves doctors to take help from the evolved U.S. and the U.K. registries.
  • In the West, organ transplants are highly regulated and permissions are given to hospitals and doctors based on the outcomes, rate of mortality, morbidity etc.
  • In the U.S. and the U.K., it is mandatory to report all transplants and the outcomes.
  • But that’s not happening in India and thus there is lack of national data.
[Source: The Hindu]

 

INDIA – US DEFENCE TECHNOLOGY AND TRADE INITIATIVE (DTTI)

Related Topics: International Relations, Strategic Trade Authority Tier 1 (STA-1)

News

The ninth India-US Defence Technologies and Trade Initiative (DTTI) group meeting is scheduled to happen in New Delhi this week.

What is DTTI?

  • DTTI came about to expedite the scope of cooperation on defence technology that become narrow due to the presence of differing bureaucratic processes and legal requirements.
  • Essentially, DTTI is an initiative to provide “increased US senior level oversight and engagement to get beyond these obstacles.”

Aims of DTTI

  • While DTTI is not a treaty or law, it is a flexible mechanism to make sure that senior leaders from both countries are engaged consistently to strengthen the opportunities in the field of defence.
  • Its central aims include strengthening India’s defence industrial base, exploring new areas of technological development and expanding U.S.-India business ties.

[Source: Indian Express]

 

FACTS OF THE DAY

PROJECT SUNRISE

Australia’s flag carrier Qantas completed a nonstop test flight from New York to Sydney, researching how the world’s longest potential commercial airplane journey of nearly 20 hours would impact pilots, crew and passengers. QF7879, a Qantas Airways aircraft flying from New York to Sydney, has landed after a historic non-stop test flight that lasted 19 hours and 16 minutes. The world’s longest commercial airplane journey had 50 passengers and crew on a Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner for the 16,200-kilometre (10,066-mile) journey. Qantas has announced three long-haul flights as part of its Project Sunrise that aims to fulfil its goal of running non-stop commercial flights on a regular basis from the east coast of Australia to London and New York. The research is being planned by Sydney University’s Charles Perkins Centre and Monash University in conjunction with Alertness CRC. It aims to maximise alertness in the workplace. The research will be testing for safety, alertness and productivity. During the flight, Qantas employees and some passengers may be fitted with sensors and will take part in different experiences. Through these, scientists and medical experts from the Charles Perkins Centre will be able to analyse the passenger and crew’s sleeping patterns, food and beverage consumption, physical movement and consumption of inflight entertainment, “to assess impact on health, wellbeing and body clock.”

MOST EMINENT SENIOR CITIZEN AWARD

Vice President of India, M Venkaiah Naidu has presented ‘Most Eminent Senior Citizen Award’ to legal luminary, scholar and former Attorney General of India, K. Parasaran at a function at the India International Centre in New Delhi. Parasaran was honored with the Award on the occasion of the Elder’s Day celebration of Age Care India, an organization working for the welfare of the elderly.

IMNEX-2019

The opening ceremony of the second edition of ‘India Myanmar Naval Exercise’ IMNEX-2019 was conducted onboard INS Ranvijay in Visakhapatnam. Myanmar naval ships UMS Sin Phyu Shin (F-14) and UMS Tabinshweti (773) arrived at Visakhapatnam and would engage in professional interaction with Indian Navy personnel for sharing of expertise on various maritime issues between both the navies. The harbour phase of IMNEX-19 scheduled till October 20 included visits to Indian Naval units, training and maintenance facility at Visakhapatnam. During Sea Phase scheduled from October 20 to 22, INS Ranvijay, a guided-missile destroyer and INS Kuthar, a missile corvette will be carrying out a joint exercise with Myanmar ships UMS Sin Phyu Shin, a frigate and UMS Tabinshweti, a corvette in the Bay of Bengal. The joint exercise will encompass a variety of operations including anti-air and surface firing exercises, flying exercises using integral helicopter and seamanship evolutions at sea.

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