Related Topics: Law & Order, Reports & Indices
The Annual Crime in India Report 2017 was published by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) after a delay of two years.
About the 2017 Crime Report
- The NCRB, under the Union Ministry of Home Affairs, is responsible for collecting and analysing crime data as defined by the Indian Penal Code and special and local laws in the country.
- The 2017 report included several new crime heads under the IPC, including abetment, criminal intimidation, simple hurt, credit/debit card fraud, missing children deemed as kidnapped, kidnapping and abduction for begging, etc.
- Greater detailing was ensured with respect to the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act and the Prevention of Corruption Act.
- Data was also collected now under the Chit Fund Act, the Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, the Food Safety and Standards Act and the Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act (MCOCA).
- Socio-economic causative factors or reasons of crimes have not been captured by the bureau; only police-recorded cases have been published.
Crime against Women
- 3, 59,849 cases of crime against women were reported in the country.
- Uttar Pradesh topped the list with 56,011 cases followed by Maharashtra with 31,979 cases and West Bengal with 30,992.
- Majority of cases under crimes against women were registered under ‘Cruelty by Husband or his Relatives’ (27.9%) followed by ‘Assault on Women with Intent to Outrage her Modesty’ (21.7%), ‘Kidnapping & Abduction of Women’ (20.5%) and ‘Rape’ (7.0%).
- The conviction rate for crimes against women (cases convicted as percentage of total cases where trial was completed) was 24.5% in India in the year 2017.
Incidents of Rioting
- 58,880 incidents of rioting were reported in the country.
- Maximum incidents were reported from Bihar – 11,698, followed by Uttar Pradesh – 8,990 and Maharashtra – 7,743.
- Of the total riots reported, communal and sectarian riots accounted for 723 and 183 incidents respectively.
- There were 805 riots due to caste conflict and 1909 riots occurred due to political reasons.
Crime against SC/ST
- The incidents registered under the Scheduled Caste Prevention of Atrocities Act saw an increase from 5,082 incidents reported in 2016 to 5,775 in 2017.
- Incidents of crime related to Scheduled Tribes dipped from 844 in 2016 to 720 in 2017.
Kidnapping and Abduction
A total of 95,893 cases of kidnapping and abduction were registered during 2017, showing an increase of 9.0% over 2016 (88,008 cases).
- A total of 63,349 children (20,555 male, 42,691 female and 103 transgender) were reported missing in 2017.
- During the year 2017, a total of 70,440 children (23,564 males, 46,798 females and 78 transgender) were recovered / traced.
Offences against the State
- The number of offences against the state was 9,013 in 2017, compared to 6,040 in 2015 and 6,986 in 2016.
- The number of sedition cases in 2017 was 51.
- Sedition as a separate category was not given in the 2016 report.
- The number of cases under the Official Secrets Act has come down from 30 to 18 between 2016 and 2017.
Out of three specified category of economic offences, forgery, cheating and fraud accounted for maximum cases, with 1,27,430 cases, followed by criminal breach of trust (20,371 cases) and counterfeiting (1,171 cases) during 2017.
During 2017, 56.0% of cyber-crime cases registered were for the motive of fraud (12,213 out of 21,796 cases) followed by sexual exploitation with 6.7% (1,460 cases) and causing disrepute with 4.6% (1,002 cases).
- The NCRB for the first time collected data on circulation of “false/fake news and rumours.”
- Under the category, maximum incidents were reported from Madhya Pradesh (138), Uttar Pradesh (32) and Kerala (18).
- National Crime Records Bureau data for 2017 on two important aspects, violent crime and crime against women, should prompt State governments to make a serious study of the underlying causes.
- State governments should implement the orders of the Supreme Court on police reforms issued in 2006 in letter and spirit.
- As a measure of data improvement, NCRB must record not just the principal offence in a case, but list all cognisable offences separately.