Written by Talent KAS

Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:

Social Justice [Paper-I]: Rights Issues (Human rights, Women rights, SC/ST rights, Child rights, etc.)


  • Since October 1, 2019, six members of the Reang or Bru community have reportedly died in relief camps in Tripura, after the Centre decided to stop food supplies and cash dole.
  • They were among 32,000 Brus living in these camps since 1997, when they fled their homes in Mizoram.

Who are the Brus?

  • Bru or Reang is a community indigenous to Northeast India, living mostly in Tripura, Mizoram and Assam.
  • In Tripura, they are recognised as a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group.
  • In Mizoram, they have been targeted by groups that do not consider them indigenous to the state.
  • In 1997, following ethnic clashes, nearly 37,000 Brus fled Mamit, Kolasib and Lunglei districts of Mizoram and were accommodated in relief camps in Tripura.

Repatriation Agreement

  • In June 2018, community leaders from the Bru camps signed an agreement in Delhi with the Centre and the two state governments, providing for repatriation in Mizoram.
  • But most camp residents rejected the terms of the agreement.
  • Only 5,000 have gone back and the ongoing ninth phase has succeeded in sending back only about 700 of the remaining 32,000.

Present Issue

  • After a series of meetings over repatriation failed to make headway, the government suspended food supplies.
  • Rations were stopped twice in the past, including in October 2018.
  • Six persons including four infants reportedly died in the camps, which were claimed to be starvation casualties.
  • A huge group of Brus blockaded the streets in protest, which ended after Tripura state government has stepped in with its assurance.
  • Tripura government announced that it would restore food supplies until a deadline of November 30, 2019.
[Source: Indian Express]


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Talent KAS