Why in News?
- The state of Jammu and Kashmir was officially bifurcated into the Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh on October 31, 2019.
- The day will mark the beginning of the functioning of the two UTs at a bureaucratic level.
- This is for the first time in the history of India that a state is being converted into two Union Territories.
- The announcement of abrogation of the state’s special status and its bifurcation was made in Rajya Sabha on August 5, 2019.
- The two UTs will get their own Chief Secretaries and other top bureaucrats, their own police chiefs and key supervisory officers.
- The total number of states in India became 28, while the total number of UTs became nine.
- With this, the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir and the Ranbir Penal Code will cease to exist.
- Jammu and Kashmir Assembly will have a term of five years, instead of the state Assembly’s term of six years.
- The Legislative Council of Jammu and Kashmir will stand abolished. Jammu and Kashmir was one of the seven states to have a legislative council.
- The two UTs will have a common high court.
What will change after October 31, 2019?
- The UT of Jammu and Kashmir will have a legislature like Puducherry while Ladakh will be a UT without legislature like Chandigarh.
- Both the UTs will be headed by two separate lieutenant governors.
- The Centre will be in direct control of the police and the law and order in Jammu and Kashmir, while the land will be under the elected government.
- The UT of Ladakh will be under the direct control of the central government which will administer the high-altitude region through the Lt Governor.
Newly appointed Lieutenant Governors
- Girish Chandra Murmu was sworn in as the first Lt Governor of the UT of Jammu and Kashmir following the bifurcation of the state.
- Radha Krishna Mathur was sworn-in as the first Lt Governor of UT of Ladakh.
[For more details on Abrogation of Article 370 and J&K Reorganisation Act, 2019: