News Polity & Governance


Written by Talent KAS

Why in News?

  • The state of Jammu and Kashmir was officially bifurcated into the Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh on October 31, 2019.
  • The day will mark the beginning of the functioning of the two UTs at a bureaucratic level.
  • This is for the first time in the history of India that a state is being converted into two Union Territories.
  • The announcement of abrogation of the state’s special status and its bifurcation was made in Rajya Sabha on August 5, 2019.


  • The two UTs will get their own Chief Secretaries and other top bureaucrats, their own police chiefs and key supervisory officers.
  • The total number of states in India became 28, while the total number of UTs became nine.
  • With this, the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir and the Ranbir Penal Code will cease to exist.
  • Jammu and Kashmir Assembly will have a term of five years, instead of the state Assembly’s term of six years.
  • The Legislative Council of Jammu and Kashmir will stand abolished. Jammu and Kashmir was one of the seven states to have a legislative council.
  • The two UTs will have a common high court.

What will change after October 31, 2019?

  • The UT of Jammu and Kashmir will have a legislature like Puducherry while Ladakh will be a UT without legislature like Chandigarh.
  • Both the UTs will be headed by two separate lieutenant governors.
  • The Centre will be in direct control of the police and the law and order in Jammu and Kashmir, while the land will be under the elected government.
  • The UT of Ladakh will be under the direct control of the central government which will administer the high-altitude region through the Lt Governor.

Newly appointed Lieutenant Governors

  • Girish Chandra Murmu was sworn in as the first Lt Governor of the UT of Jammu and Kashmir following the bifurcation of the state.
  • Radha Krishna Mathur was sworn-in as the first Lt Governor of UT of Ladakh.

[For more details on Abrogation of Article 370 and J&K Reorganisation Act, 2019:]

[Source: The Hindu]

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Talent KAS