Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
Economy [Paper-II]: Economy of Kerala, Major Developmental Projects, Programmes and Schemes, IT Sector
- Kerala Startup Mission (KSUM) has been recognised as the world’s top Public Business Accelerator by UBI Global, a Stockholm-based company, based on the World Benchmark Study which ranks business incubators and accelerators.
- The honour for the KSUM was announced at the World Incubation Summit for the Best Programmes in Doha, Qatar.
- It is the nodal agency for entrepreneurship development and incubation activities in Kerala.
- It was founded in 2006 and is headquartered at Thiruvananthapuram.
- It is responsible for policy framework and implementation of the start-up schemes in Kerala.
- It supports the start-up ecosystem through different components such as infrastructure, human capital development, funding, governance, Public-Private Partnership, global collaborations and scaling existing and establishing new start-up ventures.
- It promotes entrepreneurship at different levels — from schools to start-ups.
- It has designed and executed a set of programmes and schemes as per the revised Kerala Startup Policy (Technology Innovation and Entrepreneurship Policy) to identify and support technology startups in the State.
- To ensure investment opportunities, KSUM has come out with an innovative Fund of Fund scheme to invest in Alternative Investment Funds (AIFs).
- KSUM has collaborated with Ernst & Young to develop a Business & Technology Accelerator at the KINFRA Film & Video Park, Thiruvananthapuram.
- With the support of the Government of Kerala, KSUM has started two MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) USA Electronics Fabrication Laboratories, commonly called Fab Labs, at Technopark, Trivandrum and Kerala Technology Innovation Zone (KTIZ), Kochi.
- Kerala government launched the initiative “Learn to Code” in 2015. During phase 1 of the initiative, 2500 Raspberry Pi computer programming kits were distributed to class VIII students.
- KSUM and the IT@School Project initiated the Kerala Raspberry Pi Competition for students who received the Raspberry Pi kit
- Kerala government introduced the ‘Startup Box Programme’ for aspiring entrepreneurs through KSUM in 2015.
[Source: The Hindu]
POLITY & GOVERNANCE
Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
Indian Constitution [Paper-I]: Indian Constitution and its salient features, Judiciary in India – Structure and functions
- Supreme Court (SC) has used extraordinary powers granted to it by Article 142 of the Constitution, in granting five acres of land in Ayodhya, outside the disputed area, to Muslim parties.
- SC, implicitly referring to the demolition of the Babri Masjid at the disputed site, said that it was invoking Article 142 “to ensure that a wrong committed must be remedied”.
- The five-judge bench also exercised Article 142 to direct that the Nirmohi Akhara, an order of Hindu ascetics, will also get representation in the trust that the Centre must set up in three months to oversee the building of the temple.
- This was the first time that the court invoked this power in a case involving a civil dispute over an immovable property, involving private parties.
- It allows the Supreme Court to pass any order necessary to do “complete justice” in any case.
- Article 142 (1) states that Supreme Court in the exercise of its jurisdiction may pass such decree or make such order as is necessary for doing complete justice in any cause or matter pending before it.
- It is typically used in human rights or environmental judgements.
- Article 142 is typically invoked in cases that have peculiarities that require the apex court to supersede laws that would conventionally govern an issue.
- It has been used for restoring the white marble of the Taj Mahal and for constituting the Justice Mukul Mudgal Committee to probe the 2013 Indian Premier League spot-fixing scandal.
- It was also invoked in the case of Union Carbide vs. Union of India, to grant $470 million in the form of relief to victims of the tragic Bhopal gas disaster in 1984.
Article 142 has 2 provisions:
- 142(1): The Supreme Court may pass an order for doing complete justice.
- 142(2): It confers three different powers on the Supreme Court.
- Securing the attendance of persons before it.
- Discovery and production of documents and
- Investigation and punishment of contempt of itself.
[Source: Indian Express, The Hindu]
DEFENCE & SECURITY
Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
Defence [Paper-II]: Technology in Space and Defence
- The Mid Planning Conference (MPC) for MILAN exercise concluded at HQENC Visakhapatnam.
- The three-day conference was attended by 29 delegates from 17 friendly Foreign Navies.
- MILAN 2020 is scheduled to be conducted at Visakhapatnam in March 2020.
About MILAN Exercise
- MILAN is a series of biennial multilateral naval exercise which commenced in 1995.
- It was conducted at Andaman and Nicobar Command (ANC) until 2018.
- It is being conducted for the first time on the mainland at Eastern Naval Command (ENC) with increased scope and complexity of the Exercise.
- It is aimed to enhance professional interaction between friendly foreign navies and learn from each other’s strengths and best practices in the maritime domain.
- The event would also provide an excellent opportunity for Operational Commanders of friendly foreign navies to interact with each other in areas of mutual interest.
FACTS OF THE DAY
- Cyclone Bulbul claimed at least ten lives and affected 2.73 lakh families as it hit the coastal districts of West Bengal.
- It is an active tropical cyclone which struck West Bengal at Category 2 hurricane-equivalent intensity.
- Originating from the remnants of Severe Tropical Storm Matmo over the southern Bay of Bengal in early November 2019, Bulbul slowly intensified into a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm.
- Cyclones are named as per guidelines decided by the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO).
- The name ‘Bulbul‘ has been suggested by Pakistan.
- Cyclone Maha, which is weakening in the Arabian Sea, was named by Oman.
- Cyclone Fani, which made landfall on Odisha coast in May 2019, was named by Bangladesh.
- Kudumbashree has bagged Governance Now Digital Transformation Awards 2019 for its microenterprises and Destitute-free Kerala project in the area of poverty alleviation and for the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDUGKY) in the skill development segment.
- The awards were instituted by the Delhi-based organization, Governance Now.
- A portal designed for reviewing all activities taken up under the DDUGKY and strengthening them fetched Kudumbashree the award.
- It also developed a mobile application for geotagging the microenterprises functioning under it and collected all details pertaining to them so as to understand details such as production of each unit, their turnover, certifications, basic facilities, etc.
- Another app developed to identify the beneficiaries of the Destitute-free Kerala project saw nearly 3 lakh families being surveyed and 1.57 lakh beneficiaries identified.
- The popular messaging platform WhatsApp was used to spy on journalists and human rights activists in India.
- The surveillance was carried out using a spyware tool called Pegasus, which has been developed by an Israeli firm, the NSO Group.
- Pegasus works by sending an exploit link, and if the target user clicks on the link, the malware or the code that allows the surveillance is installed on the user’s phone.
- A newer version of the malware does not even require a target user to click a link.
- Once Pegasus is installed, the attacker has complete access to the target user’s phone.
- According to a complaint filed by WhatsApp, the surveillance was carried out “between in and around April 2019 and May 2019” on users in 20 countries across four continents.
- NSO Group is a Tel Aviv-based cyber-security company that specialises in “surveillance technology” and claims to help governments and law enforcement agencies across the world fight crime and terrorism.
FALL OF THE BERLIN WALL
- Germany has celebrated the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall.
- The Berlin Wall was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989.
- The wall separated the Communist-ruled East from the capitalist West in Berlin for nearly three decades.
- The toppling of the wall became a potent symbol of the Cold War and was followed a year later by the reunification of Germany in 1990.