Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
Science & Technology [Paper-II]: Public Health and Community Medicine
- A study titled ‘Anaemia among men in India: A nationally representative cross-sectional study’ was published in Lancet Global Health recently.
- The study is aimed to determine variation in prevelance of anaemia across States by socio-demographic characteristics and whether the variations are similar to that among women.
Population-based studies on anaemia in India have mostly focused on women and children, with men with anaemia receiving much less attention despite anaemia’s adverse effect on health, wellbeing, and economic productivity.
- Among men, the prevalence of any anaemia was 23.2%, moderate or severe anaemia was 5.1%, and severe anaemia was 0.5%.
- Anaemia among men in India is an important public health problem with State-level prevalence in men varying from 9.19% in Manipur to 32.86% in Bihar.
- Men with less education, less household wealth and those living in rural areas were more likely to have anaemia.
- The prevalence was higher for younger age groups.
- Among men with anaemia, 21.7% had moderate or severe anaemia; among women with anaemia, 53.2% had moderate or severe anaemia.
- Geographic and socio-demographic patterns of anaemia in India appear to be similar between men and women.
What is Anaemia?
- WHO defines anaemia as a condition in which the number of red blood cells or their oxygen-carrying capacity is insufficient to meet physiological needs.
- Anaemia in men can cause fatigue, lethargy, creates difficulty in concentrating, thereby reducing the quality of life and decreasing economic productivity.
- An estimated 1.9 billion people had anaemia in 2013, which is 27% of the world’s population, and 93% of these cases occur in low- and middle-income countries.
- Factors such as consuming smokeless tobacco, being underweight, level of urbanisation and household wealth are associated with a higher probability of developing the disease.
[Source: Indian Express, Hindustan Times]