Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
Agriculture [Paper-II]: Agriculture Sector, Technological change in Agriculture, Policies for sustainable agriculture and organic farming
Union Agriculture Minister attended the eight session of the Governing Body of International Treaty of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA), at Rome, Italy.
Governing Body Sessions
- The Eight Session is being held from 11th to 16th November, 2019 with participation of delegates from 146 countries, international organizations, civil societies, farmers’ organizations, FAO officials and UN organizations.
- The Governing Body Sessions are held biennially.
- ITPGRFA is also known as Seed Treaty.
- It is a comprehensive international agreement for ensuring food security through the conservation, exchange and sustainable use of the world’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (PGRFA), as well as the fair and equitable benefit sharing arising from its use.
- It also recognizes farmers’ rights, subject to national laws.
Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights (PPV&FR) Act, 2001
- Union Agriculture Minister informed the delegates of the session about the uniqueness of Indian legislation PPV&FR Act to protect Farmers’ Rights and breeder’s rights.
- As per the Act, a farmer who has evolved or developed a new variety is entitled for registration and protection in like manner as a breeder of a variety.
- Farmer’s variety can also be registered as an extant variety.
- A farmer is entitled to save, use, sow, resow, exchange, share or sell his farm produce including seed of a variety protected under the Act provided farmer shall not be entitled to sell branded seed of a variety protected under the PPV&FR Act, 2001.
- Farmers are eligible for recognition and rewards for the conservation of Plant Genetic Resources of land races and wild relatives of economic plants.
- Under the provisions of this Act, 138 farmers/farming communities have been awarded with Plant Genome Saviour Awards.
- India has received about 16,620 applications for Plant Variety Protection out of which 10,920 (66%) have been received from farmers alone.
- PPV&FR Authority has registered about 3631 plant varieties out of which 1597 (44%) belong to the farmers.