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Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:

Science & Technology [Paper-II]: Environmental Science, Biodiversity


  • Scientists have recently unearthed an extraordinary specimen of pliosaurs in Krzyżanowice, Poland.
  • Remains of pliosaurs are rare in Europe.

What is Pliosaur?

  • Pliosaurs were a group of large carnivorous marine reptiles characterized by massive heads, short necks, and streamlined tear-shaped bodies.
  • They have been found as fossils from the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods (about 200 million to 65.5 million years ago).
  • They are classified in the order Plesiosauria, along with their long-necked relatives, the plesiosaurs.
  • Pliosaurs possessed powerful jaws and large teeth, and they used four large fins to swim through Mesozoic seas.
  • They were the largest aquatic carnivorous reptiles that have ever lived, often dubbed as “sea monsters”.
[Source: Indian Express,]

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