Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
Science and Technology [Paper-II]: Public Health, Health Care
- International Diabetes Federation (IDF) launched the ninth edition of the IDF Diabetes Atlas in Brussels on World Diabetes Day.
- World Diabetes Day is celebrated as world’s largest Diabetes campaign and is observed on 14th November every year.
What is IDF Diabetes Atlas?
- It is the authoritative resource on the global burden of diabetes and was first published in 2000.
- It is produced by IDF biennially in collaboration with experts from around the world.
- It contains data on diabetes cases, prevalence, mortality and expenditure on the global, regional and national level.
- India is home to the second-largest number of adults with diabetes worldwide with an estimated 77 million diabetics in the 20-79 years age group.
- China leads the list with over 116 million diabetics.
- The worldwide prevalence of diabetes was estimated at 463 million in this age group, or in other words, one in 11 adults.
- India was the largest contributor to diabetes mortality with more than 1 million estimated deaths attributable to diabetes and related complications, in the South East Asian region.
- Diabetes-related health expenditure in the South East Asia (SEA), at $8.1 billion in 2019, was the lowest total of all IDF regions.
- In India, which accounts for 87.9 per cent of adults with diabetes in the Region, $92 was spent per person.
- Type 2 diabetes accounted for around 90 percent of all people with diabetes.
- The number of people with diabetes is predicted to rise to 578 million by 2030 and to 700 million by 2045.
- Diabetes was responsible for an estimated $760 billion in health expenditure in 2019.
- Diabetes is among the top 10 causes of death, with people under the age of 60 accounting for almost half the deaths.
- One in six live births is affected by hyperglycaemia in pregnancy.