Culture News


Written by Talent KAS

Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:

Medieval History [Paper-I]: Culture and Architecture

Geography [Paper-I]: Physical, Social, Economic Geography of World, India and Kerala


  • Suranga Bawadi was included in the World Monument Watch list for 2020 along with 24 other monuments from across the world.
  • The monument has been selected under the ‘Ancient Water System of the Deccan Plateau’ by World Monuments Fund [the NGO], which monitors restoration of ancient monuments across the globe.
  • With this inclusion, the monument is expected to get funds for its restoration.

What is Suranga Bawadi?

  • It is an integral part of the ancient Karez system of supplying water through subterranean tunnels.
  • It was built during Adil Shahi era in Vijayapura in Karnataka.
  • Adil Shahis built the magnificent underground system to supply water to the city, which had a population of nearly 12 lakh.
  • Though the Karez system was built in the 16th century by Ali Adil Shah–I, his successor, Ibrahim Adil Shah–II, brought in several changes by adding more structures to strengthen it.

Karez System

  • It is water harnessing technology in which groundwater is brought to the surface by a tunnel.
  • They are constructed as a series of well-like vertical shafts, connected by sloping tunnels, which tap into subterranean water in a manner that efficiently delivers large quantities of water to the surface by gravity, without need for pumping.
  • The technology is believed to be originated in Persia/Iran and was widely used during the medieval period.
  • It allows water to be transported over long distances in hot dry climates without loss of much of the water to evaporation.
  • The system has the advantage of being resistant to natural disasters such as earthquakes and floods, and to deliberate destruction in war.
  • It is environmentally sustainable as it has no additional energy requirement and, thus, has low life cycle operation and maintenance costs.

World Monument Watch list for 2020

  • 2020 World Monuments Watch is a selection of 25 at-risk cultural heritage sites that combine great historical significance with contemporary social impact.
  • They are facing serious threats such as encroaching urbanization, political turmoil, natural disaster, and violent conflicts, or they present compelling conservation opportunities.
  • The World Monuments Watch will work with their communities to find solutions.

[Source: The Hindu,]

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Talent KAS