Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
Science and Technology [Paper-II]: Public Health and Community Medicine, Health Care
- Kerala has kickstarted a mega, statewide campaign to create awareness of antibiotics among the public as a part of its Antimicrobial Resistance Strategic Action Plan (KARSAP).
- The campaign was launched to coincide with the World Antibiotic Awareness Week (WAAW) from November 18-24.
About the Campaign
- The campaign was launched as a key activity under KARSAP and it aims to turn Kerala into an ‘antibiotic literate state’ by 2020.
- It will spread awareness among the public on how to use this life-saving drug called antibiotics, how not to overuse them, how to dispose off expired drugs and prevent resistance to these drugs through better practices.
- Even before the official launch of the campaign, all staff members — from doctors and students to cleaners in government hospitals — were sensitised to best use practices for antibiotics.
- Students were trained to impart information to patient bystanders on the best ways to use antibiotics and how to prevent their misuse.
- The campaign will also take this knowledge to the public, including school children.
- The campaign will target all, from the local self-government institutions to the grassroots level health care workers, to sensitise them and check antibiotic abuse.
What is Anti Microbial Resistance?
- It is the ability of a microorganism (like bacteria, viruses, and some parasites) to stop an antimicrobial (such as antibiotics, antivirals and antimalarials) from working against it. As a result, standard treatments become ineffective, infections persist and may spread to others
- Antimicrobial resistance – in particular, antibiotic resistance – is a global public health threat. Antibiotics used to treat diseases are increasingly becoming ineffective because of their overuse and misuse in human health and in the production of food from animals such as chicken, fish and dairy products.
- Even though antibiotics have a crucial role in modern medicine, the persistent overuse and abuse of antibiotics for human and animal health has led to the emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance.
World Antibiotic Awareness Week (WAAW) 2019
- WAAW is celebrated by governments, health facilities, schools and communities across the globe annually on November. In 2019, it is observed from November 18-24.
- It aims to increase global awareness of antibiotic resistance and to encourage best practices among the general public, health workers and policy makers to avoid the further emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance.
To know more about KARSAP:
To know more about KERALA AMR SURVEILLANCE NETWORK (KARSNET):