POLITY & GOVERNANCE
Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
Public Administration and Governance [Paper-I]: Public Policy and Governance, Principles of Administrative Law
TRACE International has released Trace Bribery Risk Matrix 2019.
What is TRACE Bribery Risk Matrix?
- It measures bribery risks that a business organisation may encounter in 200 countries, territories, and autonomous and semi-autonomous regions.
- The overall country risk score is a combined and weighted score of four domains: Business Interactions with Government; Anti-Bribery Deterrence and Enforcement; Government and Civil Service Transparency; and Capacity for Civil Society Oversight, including the role of the media.
- If a country gets a higher score it means it is in a higher risk of business bribery.
- The TRACE Matrix was originally developed in 2014 in collaboration with RAND Corporation.
- It is updated annually by TRACE.
- The matrix provides multi-dimensional, actionable insights about business bribery risk that can be used by companies to develop more targeted compliance procedures.
- With a total risk score of 48, India is ranked higher than neighbouring China whose score is 59.
- Apart from India, Azerbaijan, Ghana, the Bahamas, Panama, Samoa and Thailand, also have a score of 48 in the matrix.
- Among the BRICS nations, South Africa is ahead of other countries with a score of 42.
- The scores of Brazil and Russian Federation are 53 and 55, respectively.
- Somalia, South Sudan, North Korea, Yemen and Venezuela presented the highest risk of bribe demands.
- New Zealand, Norway, Denmark, Sweden and Finland presented the lowest bribery risk.
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
Science and Technology [Paper-II]: Public Health and Community Medicine, Health Care
- Kerala has kickstarted a mega, statewide campaign to create awareness of antibiotics among the public as a part of its Antimicrobial Resistance Strategic Action Plan (KARSAP).
- The campaign was launched to coincide with the World Antibiotic Awareness Week (WAAW) from November 18-24.
About the Campaign
- The campaign was launched as a key activity under KARSAP and it aims to turn Kerala into an ‘antibiotic literate state’ by 2020.
- It will spread awareness among the public on how to use this life-saving drug called antibiotics, how not to overuse them, how to dispose off expired drugs and prevent resistance to these drugs through better practices.
- Even before the official launch of the campaign, all staff members — from doctors and students to cleaners in government hospitals — were sensitised to best use practices for antibiotics.
- Students were trained to impart information to patient bystanders on the best ways to use antibiotics and how to prevent their misuse.
- The campaign will also take this knowledge to the public, including school children.
- The campaign will target all, from the local self-government institutions to the grassroots level health care workers, to sensitise them and check antibiotic abuse.
What is Anti Microbial Resistance?
- It is the ability of a microorganism (like bacteria, viruses, and some parasites) to stop an antimicrobial (such as antibiotics, antivirals and antimalarials) from working against it. As a result, standard treatments become ineffective, infections persist and may spread to others
- Antimicrobial resistance – in particular, antibiotic resistance – is a global public health threat. Antibiotics used to treat diseases are increasingly becoming ineffective because of their overuse and misuse in human health and in the production of food from animals such as chicken, fish and dairy products.
- Even though antibiotics have a crucial role in modern medicine, the persistent overuse and abuse of antibiotics for human and animal health has led to the emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance.
World Antibiotic Awareness Week (WAAW) 2019
- WAAW is celebrated by governments, health facilities, schools and communities across the globe annually on November. In 2019, it is observed from November 18-24.
- It aims to increase global awareness of antibiotic resistance and to encourage best practices among the general public, health workers and policy makers to avoid the further emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance.
To know more about KARSAP:
To know more about KERALA AMR SURVEILLANCE NETWORK (KARSNET):
Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
Ancient and Medieval History [Paper-I]: Art, culture, literature and Architecture
Odisha government decided to hand over the control of the Govardhan Math to Puri’s Shankaracharya Swami Nischalananda Saraswati by taking it out of the purview of the Orissa Hindu Religious Endowment Act, 1951.
Odisha Hindu Religious Endowments (Amendment) Bill, 2019
- Odisha government controls over 16000 temples and 450 Mutts (Hindu monasteries) in the state through the Odisha Hindu Religious Endowment Act, 1951.
- The government appoints trustees for each temple or Mahants for the mutts for day-to-day management and is the sole arbiter as regards to the sale of mutt properties.
- Govardhan Mutt, Puri was excluded from the Odisha Hindu Religious Endowment Act 1951 and made an autonomous body by an amendment to the Act in the Odisha State Assembly.
- Thus, the Gobardhan Math will no longer be governed by the provisions of the OHRE Act, 1951.
- The Govardhan Math, which is currently headed by Shree Nischalananda Saraswati, is one of the oldest mutts of Puri.
- It is associated with the Jagannath temple and is one of the four cardinal mutts founded by Adi Shankara.
- It is the only such math currently controlled by a State Act.
- The other three mutts namely Sharada Math at Sringeri in Karnataka, Dwarka Math in Gujarat and Jyotir Math at Joshimath in Uttarakhand are functioning autonomously.
- These four mutts, each headed by a Shankaracharya, preach traditional Sanatan Dharm.
FACTS OF THE DAY
FIRST WINTER-GRADE DIESEL OUTLET
- Union Home Minister Amit Shah launched the supply of special winter-grade diesel for high altitude Ladakh, which faces sub-zero temperatures during the winter months.
- Motorists in high-altitude areas like Ladakh, Kargil, Kaza and Keylong face the problem of freezing of diesel in their vehicles when winter temperatures drop to as low as minus 30 degree Celsius.
- Winter-grade diesel was developed by the Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL) to address the problem faced by people due to loss of fluidity in Diesel fuel during extreme winter conditions.
- It has a pour point of minus 33 degree Celsius and does not lose its fluidity function even in the extreme winter weather of the region unlike the normal grade of Diesel which becomes exceedingly difficult to utilize.
- This winter-grade diesel also meets BIS specification of BS-VI grade and was successfully produced and certified for the first time by the Panipat Refinery on November 8, 2019.
- It will also help in giving a boost to tourism and supply needs of the people of the region, thus helping in the overall economic development.
- The fuel would help provide year-round access to snow-capped border regions, and is part of India’s efforts to speed up strategic road connectivity.
- Sri Lanka’s former wartime defence chief Gotabaya Rajapaksa has won the Sri Lankan presidential elections with 52.25 per cent votes.
- He will be sworn in as Sri Lanka’s 7th Executive President in the historic city of Anuradhapura.
- He is the younger brother of former President Mahinda Rajapaksa, who ruled the country for a decade until his election defeat in 2015.
DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL FOR BICYCLE
- Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) has set up a Development Council for Bicycle.
- It was constituted for vision planning in design, engineering and manufacturing of lighter, smarter, value added, safe and faster premium bicycles which are comparable with global standards for exports and domestic market.
- The constitution of the Council is for a period of two years.
- The Twenty-three-member Council will be headed by Secretary DPIIT.