Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
History [Paper-I]: Modern Indian History (from the 18th century upto the present) significant events, personalities and issues, Struggle for Independence
Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial (Amendment) Bill, 2019 was passed by the Parliament after it was passed in Rajya Sabha. The Bill was earlier passed in Lok Sabha.
Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial (Amendment) Bill, 2019
- It amends the Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Act, 1951.
- It seeks to make the trust that runs Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial apolitical by removing the clause pertaining to the President of Indian National Congress as a permanent member of the trust.
- The Bill also amends to include the Leader of Opposition recognised as such in the House of the People (Lok Sabha) or where there is no such Leader of Opposition, then the Leader of the single largest Opposition Party in that house as a member of the trust.
- The Bill also allows the Central government to terminate the term of a nominated trustee before the expiry of the period of his term, without assigning any reason.
Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Trust
It was established in 1951 by the Government of India, to commemorate the massacre by British occupying forces of peaceful celebrators including unarmed women and children, on the occasion of the Punjabi New Year on April 13, 1919.
Jallianwala Bagh Incident
- The people gathered at Jallianwala Bagh were fired from all sides by the troops of General Dyer and massacred more than 400 people.
- The massacre was the result of the Anarchical and Revolutionary Crimes Act of 1919, famously known as the Rowlatt Act.
- Rabindranath Tagore renounced his knighthood and Mahatma Gandhi returned the Kaiser-i-Hind Gold medal given to him for his work during Boer war as a sign of condemnation.