Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
Economy [Paper-II]: Unemployment – trends, Structure and National Rural Employment policies
- Jammu and Kashmir administration is working on effective implementation of Himayat Mission.
- Under this, 42 projects have been sanctioned for training and placement target of 68,134 youths.
What is Himayat?
- It is a placement linked skill training programme for unemployed youth of Jammu and Kashmir.
- The programme has been developed and initiated by the Union Ministry of Rural Development.
- It is implemented by Jammu & Kashmir Entrepreneurship Development Institute (JKEDI) with Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India (EDI) Ahmedabad, as coordinating /monitoring agency.
- It is an outcome of the recommendations of Dr. C. Rangarajan Committee report submitted on February 2011 which suggested a scheme of Skill Development for school/college dropouts.
- The project aims to generate sustainable livelihood opportunities through self employment for the youth of Jammu and Kashmir by the crosscutting approaches of holistic entrepreneurship development programs.
- The focus is on youth from low-income families and school dropouts.
- A minimum qualification of having passed the eighth grade is necessary. The scheme is completely free and open to all 18 to 35 year olds, who meet the minimum qualification.
- They are provided free skill training for a duration ranging from 3 to 12 months.
- They will be trained in a range of skills with the provision to provide placement to every trained candidate.
[Source: All India Radio, niti.gov.in]
Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
International Relations [Paper-I]: International Treaties and Forums, their structure and mandate
Science and Technology [Paper-II]: Cyber Security concerns, National Cyber Crime Policy
India maintained its status as a non-member of the Europe-led Budapest Convention, but it voted in favour of a Russian-led UN resolution to set up a separate convention.
- The Russian proposal entitled “Countering the use of information and communications technologies for criminal purposes” was passed in the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).
- The proposal creates a committee to convene in August 2020 in New York to establish a new treaty through which nation-states can coordinate and share data to prevent cybercrime.
- India voted in favour of the resolution.
- The Russian-led campaign for a cybercrime convention in the UN has been framed in direct opposition to a separate treaty, namely the Council of Europe’s (CoE) Cybercrime Convention, which is also known as the Budapest Convention.
About Budapest Convention
- Convention on Cybercrime adopted in Budapest is the first and one of the most important multilateral treaties addressing the issue of internet and computer crimes.
- It was open for signature in 2001 and came into force in 2004.
- It serves as a guideline for any country developing comprehensive national legislation against Cybercrime and as a framework for international cooperation between State Parties to this treaty.
- The Budapest Convention is supplemented by a Protocol on Xenophobia and Racism committed through computer systems.
- It is the sole legally binding multilateral treaty that coordinates cybercrime investigations between nation-states and criminalises certain cybercrime conduct.
Why India is not joining the Convention?
- In 2018, then Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh proposed joining the Budapest Convention, but it was opposed by the Intelligence Bureau (IB).
- IB argued that data sharing with foreign law enforcement agencies infringes on national sovereignty.
- India has also previously argued that it will not sign onto the treaty since it was drafted without its participation.
- Russia and China have also questioned national sovereignty issues at the Budapest Convention.
Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
Environment [Paper-II]: Biodiversity – its importance and concerns, Forest and wildlife, Western Ghats
- A Bengaluru-based non-profit is working to train and equip residents of villages in the Western Ghats stretching from Maharashtra to Tamil Nadu for mapping the range of Malabar Tree Toad (MTT).
- The Metastring Foundation, a citizen-based conservation non-profit orgniation, was awarded a grant of Rs 15 lakh for one year for the project.
About Malabar Tree Toad (Pedostibes tuberculosus)
- It is a very rare species of amphibian endemic to the Western Ghats.
- It is a small species and is found in wet tree hollows or leaf bases containing water.
- It is an endangered species that spends most of its life on trees. It comes to the ground only during the first monsoon showers to mate.
- Western Ghats, where the MTT is found, is a biodiversity hotspot and is home to 179 recorded amphibian species, 80 per cent of which are not found anywhere else.
India Biodiversity Portal (IBP)
- Metastring Foundation will use the India Biodiversity Portal as a data aggregation platform for mapping Malabar Tree Toad. Metastring is credited with developing the IBP.
- IBP is a free access platform where citizens can contribute, access and verify information on Indian biodiversity.
- It is a repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent.
- It intends to mobilize a collaborative community that will build high-quality map-based multimedia information on India’s biodiversity.
FACTS OF THE DAY
FOREIGN TOURIST ARRIVALS (FTAs) IN INDIA
- Bangladesh, the United States, and the United Kingdom were the top three countries from where foreign tourists arrived in India in 2018.
- The data of Ministry of Tourism also exhibit a consistent increase in overall foreign tourist arrivals as well as foreign exchange earnings over the years 2016, 2017, and 2018.
- Among individual states, Tamil Nadu saw the most visits by foreign tourists in 2018.
WORLD FISHERIES DAY 2019
- Union Minister for Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying inaugurated the celebrations of World Fisheries Day 2019 in New Delhi.
- It is observed to highlight the importance of healthy oceans ecosystems and to ensure sustainable stocks of fisheries in the world.
- On 21st November 1997, the working fishermen and women representing World Forum of Fish Harvesters & Fish Workers from 18 countries met at New Delhi and established the World Fisheries Forum (WFF) advocating for a global mandate of sustainable fishing practices and policies.
- To commemorate this occasion, every year 21st November is celebrated all over the world as World Fisheries Day.
- Scientists at the CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) in Hyderabad have demonstrated the role of a protein Secretagogin (SCGN) in increasing insulin action in obesity-induced diabetes.
- In experiments on obese mice, the scientists have shown that the injection of SCGN (found at lower levels in diabetic patients) clears excess insulin from circulation, and reduces fat mass.
- The SCGN treated animals also had lower levels of harmful LDL-cholesterol and lower lipid accumulation in liver cells.
- SCGN binds to insulin and protects it from various stresses, increases its stability and adds to its action.
- The findings established SCGN as a functional insulin-binding protein with therapeutic potential against diabetes.
GLOBAL BIO-INDIA SUMMIT 2019
- India’s first largest biotechnology conference Global Bio-India Summit, 2019 concluded in New Delhi.
- The three-day event was organized by the Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Ministry of Science & Technology, Government of India along with its Public Sector Undertaking, Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC).
- The associated partners for this event were Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), Association of Biotechnology Led Enterprises (ABLE) and Invest India.
- Biotechnology is recognized as the sunrise sector– a key driver for contributing to India’s USD 5 Trillion economy target by 2025.
- The Summit provided an opportunity to showcase the potential of India’s biotech sector to the international community, identify, create opportunities and deliberate on the key challenges in the areas of Bio-pharma, Bio-Agri, Bio-Industrial, Bio-Energy and Bio-Services and allied sectors.