Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
Environment [Paper-II]: Biodiversity – its importance and concerns, Forest and wildlife, Western Ghats
- A Bengaluru-based non-profit is working to train and equip residents of villages in the Western Ghats stretching from Maharashtra to Tamil Nadu for mapping the range of Malabar Tree Toad (MTT).
- The Metastring Foundation, a citizen-based conservation non-profit orgniation, was awarded a grant of Rs 15 lakh for one year for the project.
About Malabar Tree Toad (Pedostibes tuberculosus)
- It is a very rare species of amphibian endemic to the Western Ghats.
- It is a small species and is found in wet tree hollows or leaf bases containing water.
- It is an endangered species that spends most of its life on trees. It comes to the ground only during the first monsoon showers to mate.
- Western Ghats, where the MTT is found, is a biodiversity hotspot and is home to 179 recorded amphibian species, 80 per cent of which are not found anywhere else.
India Biodiversity Portal (IBP)
- Metastring Foundation will use the India Biodiversity Portal as a data aggregation platform for mapping Malabar Tree Toad. Metastring is credited with developing the IBP.
- IBP is a free access platform where citizens can contribute, access and verify information on Indian biodiversity.
- It is a repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent.
- It intends to mobilize a collaborative community that will build high-quality map-based multimedia information on India’s biodiversity.