Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
Economy [Paper-II]: Trends and Patterns in structure of population over time – Growth rate, Gender Rural-Urban Migration
- Global Migration Report 2020 was recently released by the UN-affiliated International Organization for Migration (IOM).
- The Report has been produced to contribute to increased understanding of migration throughout the world.
Key Highlights of the Report
- As compared to the 2000 Global Migration Report, the number of international migrants has nearly doubled in the 2020 report, from 150 million to 272 million.
- The proportion of female international migrants has only marginally changed between the two reports, from 47.5% in 2000 to 47.9%.
- The share of international migrants who were children has dropped from 16% in 2000 to 13.9%.
- The number of international migrants in 2019 is estimated at 270 million.
- India continued to be the largest country of origin of international migrants (5 million) followed by Mexico (11.8 million) and China (10.7 million).
- Unites States was the topmost destination with nearly 51 million migrants.
- More than half of all international migrants (141 million) live in Europe and North America.
- International remittances increased to $689 billion in 2018.
- The top three remittance recipients were India ($78.6 billion), China ($67.4 billion) and Mexico ($35.7 billion).
- The United States remained the top remittance-sending country ($68.0 billion) followed by the United Arab Emirates ($44.4 billion) and Saudi Arabia ($36.1 billion).
- There is a popular trend of migrating from poorer to richer nations such as to France, Russia, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
- Roughly two-thirds of international migrants are labour migrants.
- The top migration corridors for Indians are the United Arab Emirates, the US and Saudi Arabia.
- The highest number of migrants entering India comes from Bangladesh.