Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
Governance [Paper-I]: Public Policy and Governance
- LocalCircles and Transparency International India have concluded India Corruption Survey 2019 to ascertain the level of domestic corruption in the country and gather citizen pulse on corruption.
- The survey received 190,000 responses from people located in 248 districts of India across 20 Indian states.
- According to 2018 Survey, 56% citizens of the country had paid bribes.
- 2019 Survey reveals a definite and noticeable reduction in the number of times bribes are paid by the citizens either directly or indirectly. The reduced percentage of citizens is 51%.
- Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Act 2018 which was hailed as a force that would deter the Government employees from indulging in bribery has started to show some effects, as is evident from the numbers from this year’s survey.
- Awareness about existing state hotlines/helplines to report corruption is still a big issue as 61% citizens in this year’s survey said that they were unaware of any such hotline in their state.
- Although CCTVs are a slight deterrent, bribery still continues in Government offices despite major computerisation.
- Property registration & land issues turned out to be the largest authority where citizens had to pay a bribe.
- Cash is still the primary mode used to pay bribes with 35% saying they paid cash as bribes in the last 12 months to get their work done.
- There has been no reduction in instances of bribery by police in the last 12 months.
- Majority said that they paid bribes due to coercion or inefficiencies prevailing in Government offices.
- Delhi, Haryana, Gujarat, West Bengal, Kerala, Goa and Odisha turned out to be the states where citizens reported low instances of corruption.
- Rajasthan, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Jharkhand and Punjab were the states where citizens reported higher instances of corruption.
[Source: Economic Times, Indian Express, localcircles.com]