Economy News


Written by Talent KAS

Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:

Economy [Paper-II]: Infrastructure in Indian Economy, Inland Waterways


  • Ministry of Shipping gave approval for the development of Loktak Inland Waterways Improvement Project in Manipur under the central sector scheme.
  • The estimated cost of the project is Rs 25.58 crores.
  • The project will give a boost to the development of inland water transport connectivity in the North-eastern states and will also boost the tourism sector.

What is Inland Waterways?

  • It is defined as a stretch of water, not part of the sea, over which craft of a carrying capacity not less than 50 tonnes can navigate when normally loaded.
  • This term covers both navigable rivers and lakes (natural water-courses, whether or not they have been improved for navigation purposes) and canals (waterways constructed primarily for the purpose of navigation).

About Loktak Lake

  • It is the largest freshwater lake in Northeast India and is located at Moirang in Manipur.
  • It is the only floating lake in the world due to the floating phumdis (heterogeneous mass of vegetation, soil, and organic matters at various stages of decomposition) on it.
  • Keibul Lamjao National Park located on the Loktak Lake is the last natural habitat of the “Sangai” (Rucervus eldii eldii), the dancing deer of Manipur.
  • Keibul Lamjao NP is the only floating National Park in the world.
  • This ancient lake plays an important role in the economy of Manipur. It serves as a source of water for hydropower generation, irrigation and drinking water supply.
  • The lake is also a source of livelihood for the rural fisherman who lives in the surrounding areas and on phumdis, also known as “phumshongs”.
  • Considering the ecological status and its biodiversity values, the lake was initially designated as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention on March 23, 1990.
  • It was also listed under the Montreux Record on June 16, 1993.


  • According to All Loktak Lake Areas Fishermen’s Union, Manipur (ALLAFUM), implementation of the Loktak Inland Waterways project will destroy the lake’s environment and biodiversity.
  • According to them, using motor boats at the lake will cause immense harm to the aquatic animals/lives in the lake.

[Source: All India Radio,]


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