Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
Environment [Paper-II]: Policies and treaties for the protection of environment at the National and the International level, National action plans on climate change
India, for the first time, ranked among the top 10 in Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) released at the COP25 climate summit in Madrid, Spain.
What is CCPI?
- CCPI is an independent monitoring tool for tracking the climate protection performance of 57 countries and the European Union.
- The index is jointly presented by Germanwatch, NewClimate Institute and Climate Action Network. It is published annually since 2005
- It aims to enhance transparency in international climate politics and enables comparison of climate protection efforts and progress made by individual countries.
- It assesses each country’s performance in four categories: GHG Emissions (40% of the overall ranking), Renewable Energy (20%), Energy Use (20%) and Climate Policy (20%).
Key Highlights of CCPI 2020
- 31 of the 57 high emitting countries are responsible for 90% of emissions.
- As none of the countries assessed is already on a path compatible with the Paris climate targets, the first three places of the ranking remain unoccupied.
- In this year’s index, Sweden leads the ranking on rank 4, followed by Denmark (5) and Morocco (6).
- The bottom five in this year’s CCPI are Islamic Republic of Iran (57), Republic of Korea (58), Chinese Taipei (59), Saudi Arabia (60) and the United States (61), rated low or very low across almost all categories.
- U.S. and Saudi Arabia are among major polluters showing “hardly any signs” of reducing their greenhouse gas production.
- Only two G20 countries, the UK (7th) and India (9th), are ranked in the “high” category.
- On GHG emissions, 31 out of 57 high-emitting countries recorded decreasing emissions.
- Additions of renewable power generation have outpaced net installations of fossil fuel and nuclear power for the fourth year in a row.
- No country received a very high rating for the all renewable energy indicators.
- It means that there is significant room for improvement in mitigating emissions by accelerating deployment of renewable energy.
Performance of India
- India improved its ranking from 11th in 2019 Index to 9th in the 2020 Index.
- The ranking was to the “high category”, where the countries have ambitious 2030 targets.
- The report rates the country’s 2030 mitigation targets as high on ambition, and praises its 2030 energy targets as one of the very few compatible with limiting global mean temperature rise to less than 2 degrees Celsius (°C).
- The report notes that the government was yet to develop a roadmap for the phase-out of fossil fuel subsidies to reduce the country’s high dependence on coal.
- India doesn’t have a law addressing climate change holistically which perhaps reflects its low ranking on Climate Policy amongst G20 countries.
- Though India’s low per capita emissions may mean it is under less “moral pressure” to upgrade its climate targets, it has experienced the largest emission increase in the past half-decade.