Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
Social Justice [Paper-I]: Rights Issues (Human rights, Women rights, SC/ST rights, Child rights)
Human Rights Day is celebrated on 10th December every year.
Why it is celebrated on December 10?
- The day commemorates the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), which was adopted and proclaimed by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1948 as the shared standard yardstick to protect human rights across the globe.
- The Declaration recognizes that the inherent dignity and the equal and inalienable rights of mankind are the foundation of justice, freedom and peace in the world.
United Nations’ theme for Human Rights Day 2019 is: “Youth Standing up for Human Rights.”
Why is ‘Youth’ focussed on this day?
According to United Nations,
- Participation of Youth is essential to achieve sustainable development for all.
- They can play a crucial role in positive change and bring fresh ideas and solutions for a better world.
- Empowering youth to better know and claim their rights will generate benefits globally.
National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)
- It is a statutory public body constituted on 12th October, 1993. It was established under Protection of Human Rights Act (PHRA), 1993.
- It was established for the protection and promotion of human rights, which works on rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of an individual.
- It is in conformity with the Paris Principles, adopted at the first international workshop on national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights held in Paris in October 1991, and endorsed by the General Assembly of the United Nations.
- Retired Chief Justice of the Supreme Court H.L. Dattu is the present chairman of the NHRC.