Culture News

UNESCO REPRESENTATIVE LIST OF THE INTANGIBLE CULTURAL HERITAGE OF HUMANITY

Written by Talent KAS

Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:      

International Relations [Paper-I]: International Organisations, International Treaties and Forums, their structure and mandate

News

  • UNESCO has recognised the ‘Nuad Thai massage’ as part of its Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
  • It is one among over 20 elements that have been chosen for inclusion in the list this year.
  • The other elements include Irish harping, Portugal’s Carnival of Podence, traditional Turkish archery and Slovakia’s wire craft and art.

What is Nuad Thai massage?

  • The Nuad massage teachings focus on directing blood circulation around problem areas that help in solving muscle aches.
  • As per the UNESCO, Nuad is regarded as part of the art and science of traditional Thai healthcare.
  • It is a non-medicinal, manual therapy that involves bodily manipulations through which practitioners help “rebalance” the patient’s body, energy and structure to treat illnesses that are believed to have been caused due to the obstruction of energy flow.
  • In order to open up blocked routes, Nuad Thai therapists perform a combination of manipulations using their hands, elbows, knees and feet along with hot compresses to reduce inflammation.

What is the Intangible Cultural Heritage List?

  • List of Intangible Cultural Heritage was established by UNESCO with the aim of ensuring better protection of important intangible cultural heritages worldwide and the awareness of their significance.
  • It was established in 2008 when the 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage took effect.
  • Intangible culture is that part of culture which cannot be touched but can only be recorded. It includes performing arts like song, music, drama, skills, crafts etc.
  • UNESCO maintains three lists under its “Intangible Cultural Heritage” banner: the list of intangible cultural heritage in need of urgent safeguarding, the list of the intangible cultural heritage of humanity and the register of good safeguarding practices.
  • The UNESCO Committee meets annually to evaluate nominations that are proposed by the States themselves.

Intangible cultural heritage (ICH) elements from India

S.No. ICH Element Year of Inscription
1. Tradition of Vedic chanting 2008
2. Ramlila, the traditional performance of the Ramayana 2008
3. Koodiyattam, Sanskrit theatre 2008
4. Ramman, religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal Himalayas, India 2009
5. Mudiyettu, ritual theatre and dance drama of Kerala 2010
6. Kalbelia folk songs and dances of Rajasthan 2010
7. Chhau dance 2010
8. Buddhist chanting of Ladakh: recitation of sacred Buddhist texts in the trans-Himalayan Ladakh region, Jammu and Kashmir, India 2012
9. Sankirtana, ritual singing, drumming and dancing of Manipur 2013
10. Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making among the Thatheras of Jandiala Guru, Punjab, India 2014
11. Yoga 2016
12. Nawrouz 2016
13. Kumbh Mela 2017

[Source: Indian Express, PIB]

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