International Relations News


Written by Talent KAS

Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:

International Relations [Paper-II]: International Treaties and Forums, their structure and mandate


China and the U.S. announced that they have reached a phase one trade deal including some tariff relief, increased agricultural purchases and structural change to intellectual property and technology issues.

Key Highlights

  • As part of the deal, the US will halve its 15 per cent tariff on about $120 billion in Chinese goods.
  • It will also suspend indefinitely planned duties that were set to take effect on 15th December, 2019 that would have covered consumer favorites such as smartphones and laptops.
  • China didn’t agree to specific tariff reductions in the deal. Instead, the nation’s obligation is to make the purchases and to have an exclusion process for its tariffs.
  • According to the US, China has agreed to increase its total purchases of US goods and services by at least $200 billion over the next two years.
  • China also committed to increase its buying of US agricultural products to $40 billion to 50 billion in each of the next two years.
  • The specific breakdown of targets for individual commodities will be classified and not disclosed to the public.
  • The deal will center around “state-of-the-art” IP commitments and a breakthrough on forced technology transfer.
  • The Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) announced that China has agreed to end its long-standing practice of forcing or pressuring foreign companies to transfer their technology to Chinese companies as a condition for obtaining market access, administrative approvals, or receiving advantages from the government.
  • The agreement will include a dispute-resolution mechanism that will serve as the enforcement arm. That process is in line with how other US trade agreements are enforced.
  • The first phase of the trade deal leaves contentious issues unresolved, including US demands that China curb subsidies to state-owned firms.
  • As per United States, the future talks will also focus on digital trade, data localization, cross-border data flows and cyber intrusions.
[Source: Livemint]


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