Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
Environment [Paper-II]: Issues and concerns related to environment, Pollution
Global Alliance on Health and Pollution (GAHP) released The 2019 Pollution and Health Metrics: Global, Regional and Country Analysis report.
About the Report
- The Report updates findings from The Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health, and provides a ranking of pollution deaths on global, regional and country levels.
- The report uses the most recent Global Burden of Disease data from the Institute of Health Metrics Evaluation.
- In 2017, pollution was responsible for 15% of all deaths globally, and 275 million Disability-Adjusted Life Years.
- The report includes three lists on pollution-induced deaths. India is the only country that features in the top 10 in all three lists.
- Chad tops the list of top 10 countries with the most pollution-related deaths in proportion to their population with 287 deaths for every 1,00,000 people.
About Global Alliance on Health and Pollution (GAHP)
- It was formed in 2012 by Pure Earth, the World Bank, UNEP, UNDP, UNIDO, Asian Development Bank, the European Commission, Ministries of Environment and Health of many low- and middle-income countries to address pollution and health at scale.
- The overall goal of GAHP is to reduce death and illness caused by all forms of toxic pollution, including air, water, soil and chemical wastes especially in lowand middle-income countries.
- These efforts will contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals related to pollution, particularly on Health (Targets 3.4 and 3.9).
- It is the first international alliance of its kind to respond to the threat of toxic pollution on a worldwide scale.