Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
International Relations [Paper-I]: India’s Foreign Policy
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Defence Secretary Mark Esper hosted their Indian counterparts External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar and Defence Minister Rajnath Singh for the second annual India-US 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue in Washington DC on December 18, 2019.
Second India-US 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue
- This 2+2 Ministerial is the highest-level institutional mechanism between the two countries and provides for a review of the security, defence and strategic partnership between India and the United States.
- The first 2+2 dialogue was held in New Delhi in September 2018.
- Both sides reiterated their commitment to advancing a free, open, inclusive, peaceful, and prosperous Indo-Pacific region.
- Both countries also committed to further deepen military-to-military cooperation, including between the Indian Navy and the US Navy Fleets under US Indo-Pacific Command, Central Command, and Africa Command and intend to expand similar cooperation between their respective Armies and Air Forces.
- Three agreements were signed under the Defense Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI) to secure technology transfer and co-produce critical technologies.
- India and U.S. agreed to deepen their bilateral cooperation, increase defence trade, intensify their coordination with like-minded countries like Japan for a peaceful Indo-Pacific region and put up a decisive fight against terrorism.
Industrial Security Annex (ISA)
- A roadmap was chalked out to upgrade strategic relationship to a new level as India and U.S. signed Industrial Security Annex (ISA).
- ISA will facilitate collaboration between Indo-US defense industries by supporting the secure transfer of key information and technology.
- ISA in particular has significance as it will not only allow sharing of information during crisis through secure defence related channels but also helps in Make in India program in key items through collaboration between private entities of both sides.
[Source: Economic Times, India Today]