Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
Governance [Paper-I]: Public Policy and Governance
- MoS (PP) Dr Jitendra Singh launched the ‘Good Governance Index’ at an event organized by the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, on the occasion of Good Governance Day.
- On the occasion, the Minister also launched the 15th edition of Central Secretariat Manual of Office Procedure (CSMOP).
Good Governance Day
- It is observed annually on December 25th, the birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
- Good Governance Day was established in 2014 to honor Mr Vajpayee by fostering awareness among the people of accountability in government.
What is Good Governance Index?
- It is a uniform tool across States to assess the Status of Governance and impact of various interventions taken up by the State Government and UTs.
- The objectives of GGI are to provide quantifiable data to compare the state of governance in all states and UTs, enable states and UTs to formulate and implement suitable strategies for improving governance and shift to result oriented approaches and administration.
- The GGI takes into consideration ten sectors:
- Agriculture and Allied Sectors
- Commerce & Industries
- Human Resource Development
- Public Health
- Public Infrastructure & Utilities
- Economic Governance
- Social Welfare & Development
- Judicial & Public Security
- Citizen-Centric Governance
- These ten Governance Sectors are measured on total 50 indicators.
- Difference indicators are given different weightage under one Governance Sector to calculate the value.
- The states and UTs are divided into Big States, North-East & Hill States and UTs.
- The states and UTs are ranked on all indicators separately, at the same time composite ranking is also calculated for these states and UTs under their respective groups based upon these indicators.
- In the Big States category, Tamil Nadu has bagged the top position in the composite ranking for good governance index followed by Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh has got the fourth position, followed by Andhra Pradesh (fifth), Gujarat (sixth), Haryana (seventh) and Kerala (eight).
- In the North-East and Hill category, Himachal Pradesh has topped the ranking followed by Uttarakhand, Tripura, Mizoram, Sikkim and Assam.
- Among the Union Territories, Pondicherry has got the first position, followed by Chandigarh and Delhi.